The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria)
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Yuriko*
N 42° 39.566 E 027° 43.684
35T E 559669 N 4723254
Quick Description: Wooden windmill on the causeway to the Old Town of Nessebar
Location: Bulgaria
Date Posted: 7/6/2012 1:33:44 PM
Waymark Code: WMETP3
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member eikenboom
Views: 30

Long Description:
"The Old Windmill on the passageway from New Nessebar to Old Nessebar is a lovely, very intact Black Sea style wildmill.

It is virtually impossible to dig up any material about the history of the windmill, as all local sources quote almost all their information verbatim from one very popular guide book, which mentions the windmill but contains no information about it. It's a fair guess that it's from the Bulgarian revival period from the 17th to the 19th century.

The type of construction is a rather rough, basic style. No nice little details here, the design is meant to harness the sometimes fierce power of the wind at the Black Sea coast, and transfer the wind power down to the milling area inside the windmill.

The main axis from the wings into the mill give you some idea what kind of force we are dealing with here. When the sails are strapped onto the wings, the load on the axis is considerable.

The windmill base reveals a wooden guiderail and direct wood-to-wood contact. Considering the dryness of the area this is a bit surprising, as the friction between windmill and guiderail will create considerable heat whenever the mill is turned. Is this because metal was too expensive or impossible to get? Is the windmill rarely turned, because the wind direction is very stable? Some kind of lubricant was probably used when turning the mill, or it would be a very difficult job.

The side view of the windmill gives a good view of the three dimensional design used between axis and wings. The axis is prolonged out front and used to support the chains that go out to each wing in support, so they can better withstand the force of the wind. The design is somewhat similar to Greek windmills, which is probably not without reason, considering the history of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast with centuries of Greek presence."

(Source: and Wikipedia)
Purpose: Milling

Open to the public: no

Is This Windmill Functional?: No

Windmill Farm: no

Museum on Site: no

Date of Manufacture: Not listed

Cost: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
When logging a VISIT to a windmill that has been Waymarked, please take a a photograph of the Windmill and provide a summary of your visit. In this way we can track changes to the mills over the years
Search for... Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Windmills
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
castorka visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 10/21/2018 castorka visited it
Forsyte visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 11/7/2017 Forsyte visited it
Bella visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 8/27/2017 Bella visited it
Kubickovi visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 7/25/2017 Kubickovi visited it
Cartof visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 9/27/2013 Cartof visited it
pandojed visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 8/28/2013 pandojed visited it
Monty&Miru visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 7/3/2013 Monty&Miru visited it
L.a.u visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 6/22/2010 L.a.u visited it
Yuriko* visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 8/29/2008 Yuriko* visited it
D1k74 visited The Old Windmill in Nessebar (Bulgaria) 9/22/2007 D1k74 visited it

View all visits/logs