Fortificações e todo o conjunto intramuros da vila de Monsaraz - Monsaraz, Portugal
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member tmob
N 38° 26.579 W 007° 22.818
29S E 641349 N 4256208
Quick Description: The fortifications of Monsaraz, were declared as a National Monument on January 2nd, 1946; the whole inside-walls set of the village were included in classification on November 22th, 1971
Location: Évora, Portugal
Date Posted: 2/9/2012 3:57:36 AM
Waymark Code: WMDP69
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member razalas
Views: 10

Long Description:
Considered one of the oldest villages in Portugal, Monsaraz notes evidence of settlement from prehistoric times, being originally a fortified castro. Thereafter it was successively occupied by the period of formation of nationality, being conquered for the first time to the Moors in 1157.

Returning to the domain of Almohads after D. Afonso Henriques was defeated in Badajoz, the village would be conquered by King D. Sancho II in 1232, who donated it to the Order of the Temple.

However repopulation of , the christian Monsaraz, only happened in the reign of D. Afonso III, when the monarch granted the first charter, setting the limits of the county.

During the Wars of Restoration, due to the proximity of Monsaraz with the Guadiana River and the Spanish border, the Crown had built a new fort around the town using the system Franco-Dutch, or Vauban.

From the nineteenth century, when the county seat was moved to Reguengos de Monsaraz, the fort was abandoned, which led to some of its elements to enter into ruin. However the walled structure continues to dominate the urban landscape of the village of Monsaraz.

-- Source

Designação (Name): Fortificações e todo o conjunto intramuros da vila de Monsaraz

Categoria de protecção (Classification): Classificado como MN - Monumento Nacional

Categoria/Tipologia (Type of heritage): Arquitectura Civil / Conjunto

Concelho (City): Reguengos de Monsaraz

Página do Património na base de dados da DGPC (Page of the Heritage at the DGPC database): [Web Link]

Wikipedia: [Web Link]

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[ENG]
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