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St Oswald's Priory - Archdeacon Street, Gloucester, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 52.161 W 002° 14.868
30U E 551788 N 5746774
Quick Description: Ruins of St Oswald's Anglo-Saxon Minster and Medieval Priory stand in a pleasant park close to the centre of Gloucester.
Location: South West England, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 9/25/2011 2:16:18 AM
Waymark Code: WMCNC5
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member BarbershopDru
Views: 3

Long Description:
The ruins are almost one complete wall of the priory with a clever, coloured information board, showing how the priory would have looked and how the ruins fitted into it.

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St Oswald's Priory is a ruined church north of the cathedral in Gloucester. Founded in 900 AD by Aethelflaed, the Saxon church contained the relics of St Oswald and became famous for its wealth and miracles. It later became an Augustinian priory.

History

The first church on this site was founded in about 900 AD by Aethelflaed, daughter of King Alfred the Great. She and her husband Aethelred ruled the Kingdom fo Mercia at a time when its eastern territory was occupied by Viking armies.

The church stood just outside the Roman walls, which Aethelflaed re-fortified, and was named the New Minster. In 909, she and her brother Edward (king of Wessex) led a campaign into Danish-occupied Lincolnshire and brought back important relics: the bones of St Oswald of Northumbria. These were placed in a crypt at the east end of the church.

Both Aethelflaed and her husband Aethelred were buried in the church near the holy relics. For the next century, the New Minster of St Oswald was famous for its great wealth and miracles worked by its resident saint. It was nicknamed "the Golden Minster."

By the Norman conquest, however, the importance of the church had begun to decline and was overshadowed by the Old Minster (St. Peter's Abbey, which is now Gloucester Cathedral). In 1152, St Oswald's became an Augustinian Priory. In about 1250, a cloister and guest houses were built and the church was extended to the west.

St Oswald's Priory was dissolved in 1537 and its guest houses became a private house. But the north aisle was converted into a little church by blocking up the arches, and was used for worship for another century. In 1656, this was pulled down, leaving only the wall that survives today.

What to See

The ruins that still stand represent a patchwork from various historical periods. The oldest parts date from the original Saxon church of 900 AD, but these consist only of some masonry at the top and bottom of the round arches on the right. The round arches themselves date from the expansion into an Augustinian priory in 1152.

The two larger, pointed arches on the left date from the westward extension in 1250. The masonry that blocks up four of the arches and forms the windows and door date from the conversion into a church following the Dissolution (c.1537).

A number of interesting artifacts were discovered on the site, including examples of Anglo-Saxon sculpture. These can be seen in the Gloucester City Museum.

Quick Facts
Names: St Oswald's Priory; New Minster; Golden Minster
Type of site: Christian monastery
Faith: Roman Catholic
Status: Ruins
Dates: 900-1537 AD
Architecture: Saxon, Norman and Early English
Location: In a grassy area between Priory Rd and Archdeacon St in the north city centre of Gloucester
Phone: None
Website: None
Hours: Always open
Cost: Free

Text source: (visit link)
Type: Ruin

Fee: No

Hours:
Accessible 24/7/365


Related URL: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
Original photographs showing additional views of the Ruin/Remnant or even just its current condition are encouraged. Please describe your visit, especially if no additional photos are available. Did you like the Ruin or Remnant? What prompted you to see the Ruin or Remnant?
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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reelcutter visited St Oswald's Priory - Archdeacon Street, Gloucester, UK 3/8/2015 reelcutter visited it