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Rue Franklin Apartments - Paris, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 48° 51.639 E 002° 17.159
31U E 447629 N 5412210
Quick Description: [FR] Révolutionnaire, ce bâtiment en béton figure parmi ceux qui ont marqué le début de l'architecture moderne. [EN] This apartment building is to be regarded as one of the canonical works of 20th-century architecture.
Location: France
Date Posted: 3/27/2010 4:31:46 PM
Waymark Code: WM8FTR
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member geobwong2k
Views: 20

Long Description:
[FR] Alors qu'Hennebique ramène l'emploi du béton armé dans les formes traditionnelles d'un immeuble de pierre de taille (immeuble du 1, rue Danton en 1899), Auguste Perret en montre les possibilités dans des formes nouvelles par l'emploi de poteaux et de poutres formant comme le squelette du bâtiment qu'il laisse apparent seulement revêtu d'un carrelage lisse.
Il justifie ses choix en faisant référence à l'architecture gothique dans laquelle « la structure commande l'aspect » de la construction. « Celui qui dissimule une partie quelconque de la charpente se prive du seul légitime et plus bel ornement de l'architecture. »

L'immeuble repose sur des poteaux sans murs porteurs. Perret en tire la conclusion que chaque étage est un « plan libre » permettant aux habitants de disposer librement des cloisons des pièces.

Les cloisons intérieures entre les poteaux sont revêtues de carreaux de grès flammé d'Alexandre Bigot décorés de dessins floraux de style Art nouveau.

Les contraintes d'un terrain réduit ont amené Auguste Perret à placer la cour intérieure à l'avant du bâtiment et à assurer l'éclairage de la cage d'escalier par un mur en pavés de verre.


[EN] "This apartment building with which Perret established his reputation is to be regarded as one of the canonical works of 20th-century architecture, not only for its explicit and brilliant use of the reinforced concrete frame (the Hennebique system) but also for the way in which its internal organization was to anticipate Le Corbusier's later development of the free plan. Perret deliberately made the apartment partition walls nonstructural throughout and their partial removal would have yielded an open space, punctuated only by a series of free-standing columns. As it is, each floor is organized with the main and service stairs to the rear (each with its own elevator) the kitchen to one side and the principal rooms to the front. These last are divided up from left to right into rooms assigned to smoking, dining, living, sleeping and reception..."

— Kenneth Frampton and Yukio Futagawa. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. p116.

"The famous apartment block in the rue Franklin at Passy...was also built as a family speculation, although in this case for occupation by the head of the family, and for use as the office of the firm.... [A]dvantage was taken of the 1902 decree concerning bow-windows; indeed, if we measure their width, we find that they are to within 3 centimeters of the maximum area which the law allowed. An even more ingenious interpretation of the building regulations was to be seen in the semi-octagonal recess between these projections, which formed the most novel element in the composition, since it not only allowed every room a splendid view over Paris, but obviated the need to introduce the customary interior courtyard."

— Peter Collins. Concrete: The Vision of a New Architecture, A Study of Auguste Perret and his Precursors. p178-179, 181,182, 183.
City, State or City, Country: Paris, France

Year Built: 1904

Architect: Auguste Perret

Webpage from GreatBuildings.com or other approved listing: [Web Link]

Other website with more information about building: [Web Link]

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