12 Pound Smoothbore Cannon B - Ft Frederica National Monument
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ChapterhouseInc
N 31° 13.428 W 081° 23.588
17R E 462556 N 3454471
Quick Description: One of several cannons on display at this historic fort. The yellow sign calles then 12 pound, the sign on cannon 'B' an English 32 pound.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 7/24/2009 4:38:30 PM
Waymark Code: WM6VPD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member PTCrazy
Views: 8

Long Description:
Twelve-pound cannon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The twelve-pound cannon is a cannon that fires twelve-pound projectiles from its barrel, as well as grapeshot, chainshot, shrapnel, and later shells and canister shot.[1] It was first used during the Tudor period[2] and reached its production top in the Napoleonic wars (1812-1815). It was a favorite weapon of the Grande Armee; these muzzle-loading smoothbore 12-pounders were later known as Napoleon cannons in honor of the French emperor, himself a former artillery officer.
In addition 12-pounders were carried on the quarterdeck of British Ships of the line like HMS Victory though their main weapons were the larger 24 and 32 pound cannon, capable of shattering the hulls of enemy warships and killing the gun crews with a deadly shower of splinters.[3]
Another notable 12-pounder was the 4.62 caliber brass Mountain Howitzer, a 53in long cannon capable of being disassembled and carried by pack horses.[4] It was introduced to the US military in 1837 and known as the M1841.[5] During the Mexican War Lieutenant Ulysses S. Grant placed a howitzer in the belfry of a church and used it to shoot at Mexican forces defending Mexico City.[6]

The French canon-obusier model 1853 "Canon-obusier de campagne de 12 modèle 1853 Le Hangest". Bronze, founded in Strasbourg in 1853. Caliber: 121 mm. Length: 1.91 m. Weight: 626 kg (with carriage: 1200 kg). Metal ball or explosive shell 4.1 kg.In 1853, France introduced the Canon-obusier de 12, a 12-pounder capable of using either shells, shot or canisters. Napoleon cannon remained in service during the Victorian period,[7] seeing action in the American Civil War. By this time the Parrott rifle and newer, more powerful Columbiads like the Rodman gun were being introduced. These fired shells and shot that weighed between 10 and 300 pounds[9] though the Napoleons remained the most common field guns in Confederate hands.[10]
Later 12 pound cannons included the breechloading RBL 12 pounder 8 cwt Armstrong gun introduced in 1859,[11] Joseph Whitworth's field guns and the boat howitzers invented by John A. Dahlgren and used by the Yankee navy during the Civil War.[12]

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What type of artillery is this?: Cannon

Where is this artillery located?: Monument grounds

What military of the world used this device?: US

Cost?: 3.00 (listed in local currency)

Artillery is no longer operational: yes

Still may work: no

Date artillery was in use: Not listed

Date artillery was placed on display: Not listed

Parking location to view this Waymark: Not Listed

Are there any geocaches at this location?: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Two pictures are required for this Waymark. Please take a close up picture of the artillery. Take a second with the artillery in the distance and capture as much of the surroundings as possible. Name the Waymark with first the name of the area and second what the artillery is. An example would be if it were a cannon in front of the Montgomery Armory you would name the Waymark: Montgomery Armory Cannon.
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wildernessmama visited 12 Pound Smoothbore Cannon B - Ft Frederica National Monument 6/17/2018 wildernessmama visited it
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