4.5" Blakely Rifle #3 - Ft Pulaski National Monument
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ChapterhouseInc
N 32° 01.625 W 080° 53.381
17S E 510416 N 3543442
Quick Description: One of several Blakely Rifles lining the top portion of this historic fort.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 7/16/2009 8:22:11 AM
Waymark Code: WM6T16
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member PTCrazy
Views: 8

Long Description:
Bombardment of Fort Pulaski

“Map of Siege of Fort Pulaski, Savannah River Georgia, 1862.” Period map drawn by Robert K. Sneden.U.S. Army command decided to block Savannah, Georgia's access to the Atlantic Ocean by capturing Fort Pulaski downstream from Savannah on the Savannah River. Federal forces made an unopposed landing on Tybee Island December 24, 1861. Guns and supplies for the reduction of Fort Pulaski were landed on Tybee Island on February 21. The siege batteries were ready by April 9. Fort Pulaski was then armed with 48 guns, 20 of which bore on the batteries on Tybee Island- 14 smoothbore guns and columbiads, 1 24-pounder Blakely rifle, and 4 mortars. The garrison was 385 men.

At sunrise April 10, 1862, the Federal forces formally demanded the surrender of Fort Pulaski, the demand was refused and at 8:15 AM the first shot was fired. Confederate return fire was vigorous, but not very accurate and Fort Pulaski was breached that afternoon. The James rifles and 4.2-inch Parrott rifles did most of the damage to the fort. The Federal mortar fire was very inaccurate. After nightfall, a desultory fire was kept up, to prevent the Confederates from repairing the breach. After sunrise on April 11, firing resumed, and the breach was rapidly enlarged and eleven Confederate guns dismounted or otherwise rendered unserviceable. At 2:00 PM, Fort Pulaski surrendered. Remarkably, only one man on each side was killed in the lengthy artillery engagement.

Photograph of the breach at Fort PulaskiThe fall of Fort Pulaski demonstrated that masonry fortifications were obsolete in the era of rifled artillery. General Gilmore, senior Federal engineer officer at Fort Pulaski, quoted a military treatise of the period as saying an “exposed wall may be breached with certainty at distances from 500 to 700 yards … and it will take from four to seven days firing ….” (Gilmore 1882, p. 161). That had been with smoothbore guns, with rifled guns firing at distances of over 1,600 yards, the breach had been made in a day and a half.

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What type of artillery is this?: Cannon

Where is this artillery located?: Monument grounds

What military of the world used this device?: US

Cost?: 3.00 (listed in local currency)

Artillery is no longer operational: yes

Still may work: no

Are there any geocaches at this location?:
GCC38C


Date artillery was in use: Not listed

Date artillery was placed on display: Not listed

Parking location to view this Waymark: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
Two pictures are required for this Waymark. Please take a close up picture of the artillery. Take a second with the artillery in the distance and capture as much of the surroundings as possible. Name the Waymark with first the name of the area and second what the artillery is. An example would be if it were a cannon in front of the Montgomery Armory you would name the Waymark: Montgomery Armory Cannon.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
hummerstation visited 4.5" Blakely Rifle #3 - Ft Pulaski National Monument 9/23/2009 hummerstation visited it
ChapterhouseInc visited 4.5" Blakely Rifle #3 - Ft Pulaski National Monument 6/29/2009 ChapterhouseInc visited it

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