Aqueducto das Aguas Livres - Lisbon, Portugal
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member manchanegra
N 38° 43.585 W 009° 09.990
29S E 485527 N 4286430
Quick Description: The Águas Livres Aqueduct is one of the most remarkable examples of 18th-century Portuguese engineering.
Location: Lisboa, Portugal
Date Posted: 4/25/2009 3:30:08 AM
Waymark Code: WM68T7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member wildwoodke
Views: 17

Long Description:
The Águas Livres Aqueduct (Portuguese: Aqueduto das Águas Livres, "Aqueduct of the Free Waters") is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most remarkable examples of 18th-century Portuguese engineering. The main course of the aqueduct covers 18 km, but the whole network of canals extends through nearly 58 km.

The city of Lisbon has always suffered from the lack of drinking water, and King John V decided to build an aqueduct to bring water from sources in the parish of Caneças, in the modern municipality of Odivelas. The project was paid for by a special sales tax on beef, olive oil, wine, and other products.

Construction started in 1731 under the direction of Italian architect Antonio Canevari, replaced in 1732 by a group of Portuguese architects and engineers, including Manuel da Maia, Azevedo Fortes and José da Silva Pais. Between 1733 and 1736, the project was directed by Manuel da Maia, who in turn was replaced by Custódio Vieira, who would remain at the head of the project until around 1747.

Custódio Vieira conceived the centerpiece of the aqueduct, the arches over the Alcantara valley, completed in 1744. A total of 35 arches cross the valley, covering 941 m. The tallest arches reach a height of 65 m, and many are pointed, reminiscent of arches in Gothic style. It is considered a masterpiece of engineering in the Baroque period.

In 1748, although the project was still unfinished, the aqueduct finally started to bring water to the city of Lisbon, a fact celebrated in a commemorative arch built in the Amoreiras neighbourhood. From this period on, construction was overseen by other architects, including Carlos Mardel of Hungary and others. During the reigns of José I and Maria I, the network of canals and fountains was greatly enlarged.

The Mãe d'Água (Mother of the Water) reservoir of the Amoreiras, the largest of the water reservoirs, was finished in 1834. This reservoir, with a capacity of 5,500 m³ of water, was designed by Carlos Mardel. It is now deactivated and can be visited as part of the Museu da Água (Water Museum).

From Wikipedia

Given coordinates are from the South entrance to the acqueduct where you can do the tour across it.
Tours are available Monday to Saturday. Please check the water museum for availability.
You can find a good waypoint down the road from the entrance to here: N 38° 43.650 W 009° 10.250
Water Museum (visit link)
Stamp Issuing Country: Portugal

Date of Issue: 1973

Denomination: 0.05 Escudos (Five Centavos)

Color: 3 - Gren, Black and Grey

Stamp Type: Single Stamp

Relevant Web Site: [Web Link]

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RuiJSDuarte visited Aqueducto das Aguas Livres - Lisbon, Portugal 5/18/2013 RuiJSDuarte visited it
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