Rudolfinum in Prague
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Dorcadion Team
N 50° 05.368 E 014° 24.914
33U E 458169 N 5548741
Quick Description: Rudolfinum is a music auditorium and one of the most important neo-renaissance buildings in Prague. For decades it is the home-stage of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and one of the main venues for the Prague Spring International Music Festival.
Location: Hlavní město Praha, Czechia
Date Posted: 4/20/2009 12:04:26 PM
Waymark Code: WM6814
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 253

Long Description:

Building
The neo-renaissance Rudolfinum building is located on a site called Rejdište. In 1873 this site was bought by the Czech Insurance Company (Ceská sporitelna), with the goal to build there a House of Artists (Dum umelcu) as part of the celebrations of the fiftieth anniversary of its founding. Crown prince Rudolf became the patron of the project and the building was named after him. Well known Prague architects I. Ullmann, A. Barvitius, J. Zítek, J. Schulz a F. Beníšek, as well as Viennese architects A. Wieleman, O. Thienemann, G. Niemann, V. Lunche a P. Köchlin were invited to enter their bids into the project competition. The winners, J. Schulz and J. Zítek, presented the first plans in the year 1875. The facade is an analogy of the fire destroyed Semper Opera in Dresden (1838-1841). The building was finished in the year 1881, the sculptures in the attic gable come from 1884 and during the same year the concert hall and the surrounding spaces were furnished. The inauguration concert was held on February 7, 1885 and in this year also began exhibitions in the adjacent building.

Construction Changes
Later, both buildings underwent several reconstructions: in the years 1919-20 it was an adaptation lead by V. Roštlapil for the purposes of the parliament, another one in the years 1922-1932 was lead by R. Kríženecký. The changes concerned mainly the concert hall interior (the parliament chamber), loggia, the gallery, and the lounges decorations (in the upper floors of the northern building). Distinguished architects supplied parts of the decorations - Josef Gocár (two ceiling lighting fixtures) and Marie Teiniátzerová (wallpaper). In the year 1940 the architects Antonín Engel and Bohumír Kozák participated in the new reconstruction of the southern part of Rudolfinum. The great hall was modified (it again became a concert hall), the small hall as well (a fitting room was changed into a concert hall - Suk chamber (Sukova sín)). The northern side remained in the parliament appearance.

General Reconstruction
The whole building underwent significant changes during the general reconstruction in the years 1990-1992 according to the project by Karel Prager. During this reconstruction some additions were partly removed (connecting passage), the spaces used for concert activities were newly renovated, and the northern, exhibition part was returned to its original purpose. Of the original decorations only the frescoes on the lounge dome in the west facade were preserved without being painted over.

Website: [Web Link]

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