Fort Machault
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Kordite
N 41° 23.365 W 079° 49.335
17T E 598466 N 4582656
Quick Description: Marker at 8th & Elk Streets (on U.S. 322), Franklin.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 12/4/2005 7:27:29 AM
Waymark Code: WM4G9
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member The Leprechauns
Views: 68

Long Description:
The marker reads: "Fort Machault: Built by the French in 1756 to guard the route to the Ohio, it was evacuated and burned by them after the siege and fall of Fort Niagara in 1759. Site of fort is one block south."

One of four forts built by the French to control the Venango Path between Lake Erie and the Ohio River, Fort Machault was located in modern Franklin, Pennsylvania, at the confluence of French Creek and the Allegheny River. It was named for Jean-Baptiste Machault d'Arnouville, the French Minister of the Marine at the time of its construction. It was also known as "Venango," the name of the nearby Delaware Indian village. Prior to the arrival of the French in 1753, Pennsylvania blacksmith and Indian trader John Fraser had set up shop on this site, supplying Indians in the region with trade goods and repairing their guns and other metal wares. His business was an example of the western expansion of Pennsylvania's fur trade that prompted the French to fortify the Ohio Country, for fear of losing trade and influence among the Indians there.

Fort Machault was the last stop on the supply route from Canada to Fort Duquesne. After abandoning Fort Duquesne in November 1758, the French fell back to Fort Machault, and the British expected them to launch a counterattack from there in the following campaign season. The fall of Fort Niagara in summer 1759, however, made the French presence in the Ohio Country untenable. They burned the post and retreated to Canada in anticipation of a British expedition north from the Forks of the Ohio. In 1760, the British built Fort Venango near this site.
Marker Name: Fort Machault

County: Venango

Date Dedicated: 04/08/1969

Marker Type: City

Location: 8th & Elk Sts. (on U.S. 322), Franklin

Category: Military, French & Indian War, Forts

Website: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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jonathanatpsu visited Fort Machault 10/7/2019 jonathanatpsu visited it
marysuewashere visited Fort Machault 11/14/2012 marysuewashere visited it
lknox visited Fort Machault 11/13/2011 lknox visited it
uccacher visited Fort Machault 6/9/2011 uccacher visited it
Dory The Explorer visited Fort Machault 5/23/2009 Dory The Explorer visited it
Szuchie visited Fort Machault 3/22/2008 Szuchie visited it
Sandycreek Snoopers visited Fort Machault 8/14/2007 Sandycreek Snoopers visited it
gkellogg visited Fort Machault 7/1/2006 gkellogg visited it

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