General Jacob Bayley - Newbury, Vermont
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Vermontish
N 44° 04.718 W 072° 03.520
18T E 735510 N 4884813
Quick Description: Revolutionary War General
Location: Vermont, United States
Date Posted: 8/13/2008 4:40:00 PM
Waymark Code: WM4EPE
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member CoinsAndPins
Views: 48

Long Description:
Granite monument honoring Jacob Bayley, on the green in the town he founded.

Born 1726 West Newbury, MA - Died 1815 Newbury, VT

Bayley was a Captain with the British in the French and Indian War, later receiving promotion to Colonel. In 1764, he founded Newbury, Vermont (naming it for his former Massachusetts home) and settled there, serving as Judge of the Court of Common Pleas and Justice of the Peace.

In 1776 he was named to Vermont's Council of Safety and appointed Brigadier General of the Vermont Militia. That year he began work on the famed Bayley-Hazen Military Road to connect Newbury to St. Johns, Quebec, primarily to facilitate incursion into Canada during the Revolution. He was later appointed Commissary General of the Continental Army's Northern Department.

He was friendly with the St. Francis Indians, who provided him important intelligence on Burgoyne's army during its invasion. This enabled Bayley to keep Generals Schuyler and Gates informed about the size and movement of Burgoyne's force, thus playing a key role in Continental Army's victory at the Battle of Saratoga, where Bayley commanded a division.

During and after the Revolution, Bayley continued his involvement with Vermont's government, by serving as Newbury Selectman and Town Meeting Moderator, Orange County Probate Judge, Chief Judge of the County Court, and member of the Governor's Council. He died in modest financial circumstances, never having received compensation for the personal expenses incurred in support of the Revolution.
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Public park

Entrance fees (if it applies): Public park

Type of memorial: Monument

Website pertaining to the memorial: Not listed

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