Mausoleum of Augustus
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 41° 54.392 E 012° 28.548
33T E 290638 N 4642480
Quick Description: The Mausoleum of Augustus was a large tomb built by the Roman Emperor Augustus in 28 BC on the Campus Martius in Rome.
Location: Lazio, Italy
Date Posted: 8/2/2007 9:50:58 AM
Waymark Code: WM1Y9P
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 168

Long Description:
(The site has been reported in Spring 2009 to be closed to the public)

The mausoleum is located on the Piazza Augusto Imperatore, although the ravages of time and carelessness have stripped the ruins bare. However, the ruins remain an impressive and dominating landmark on the northern side of the Campus Martius.

The Mausoleum was one of the first projects initiated by Augustus in the city of Rome following his victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. The mausoleum was circular in plan, consisting of several concentric rings of earth and brick, planted with cypresses and capped (possibly, as reconstructions are unsure at best) by a conical roof and a statue of Augustus. Vaults held up the roof and opened up the burial spaces below. Twin pink granite obelisks flanked the arched entryway; these now stand, one at the Piazza dell'Esquilino (on the northwest side of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore) and other at the Quirinal fountain. The completed Mausoleum measured 90 m (295 ft) in diameter by 42 m (137 ft) in height.

A corridor ran from the entryway into the heart of the Mausoleum, where there was a chamber with three niches to hold the golden urns enshrining the ashes of the Imperial Family. Remains buried inside the Mausoleum include those of Marcus Claudius Marcellus (who was the first to be buried there), Augustus, Livia (his wife), Marcus Agrippa, Germanicus, Agrippina the Elder (the wife of Germanicus), Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Britannicus (the son of Claudius), and Nerva, the last for whom the mausoleum was opened.

In 410, during the sack of Rome by Alaric, the pillaging Goths rifled the vaults, stole the urns and scattered the ashes, without damaging the structure of the building (Lanciani). In the Middle Ages the artificial tumulus was fortified as a castle— as was the mausoleum of Hadrian, turned into the Castel Sant'Angelo— and occupied by the Colonna family. After the disastrous defeat of the Commune of Rome at the hands of the Count of Tusculum in 1167, the Colonna were disgraced and banished, and their fortification in the Campo was dismantled. Thus it became a ruin.

In the 19th century, the ruins were used for bullfights, and later as a concert hall (Young). It was not until the 1930s that the site was opened as a preserved archaeological landmark along with the newly moved and reconstructed Ara Pacis nearby. The restoration of the Mausoleum of Augustus to a place of prominence featured in Mussolini's ambitious reordering of the city of Rome which strove to connect the aspirations of fascist Italy with the former glories of the Roman Empire. Mussolini viewed himself especially connected to the achievements of Augustus, seeing himself as a 'reborn Augustus' ready to usher in a new age of Italian dominance.
Most Relevant Historical Period: Roman Republic 509 B.C. - 27 B.C.

Admission Fee: €2.10

Opening days/times:
Sat, Sun 10.00 -13.00.

Web Site: [Web Link]

Condition: Partly intact or reconstructed

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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André de Montbard visited Mausoleum of Augustus 9/22/2016 André de Montbard visited it
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