Wenceslas Square - Prague, Czech Republic
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61
N 50° 04.908 E 014° 25.615
33U E 458998 N 5547882
Wenceslas Square - a view from the centre of the square towards its upper end
Waymark Code: WM167WR
Location: Hlavní město Praha, Czechia
Date Posted: 05/28/2022
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member ScroogieII
Views: 18

Wenceslas Square was created when the New Town of Prague was founded in 1348. Since its foundation it was called the Horse Market, as the sale of these noble animals was predominant here. From 1848 to the present day, the name Wenceslas Square has been in force. The name change was proposed by Karel Havlícek Borovský.

"The grandly conceived square originated at the New Town establishment by Karel IV in 1348. It is 750 m long and 63 m wide in the upper part and 48 m wide in the bottom part. Within a few years, houses and workshops of craftsmen, malt houses and breweries were built around the assessed area. The square was called the Horse Market, as it was intended for trading horses, and in addition to the sale of various agricultural products. Later cots were built at the bottom of the square for sale of saddler’s and case goods, fabrics and spices. Markets took place here till 1877. Also executions were held at the market place; gallows stood both at the bottom and at the top of the square. In the bottom part called Na Mustku there used to be a pond with mill; public well stood in the middle of the square and later in the axis of the square three fountains were built. By the end of the 14th century Horse Gate or Gate of St. Procopius was built as a part of the fortification wall at the place of today’s National Museum; the gate was demolished in 1875. In 1680 the Baroque statue of St. Wenceslas by Jan Jirí Bendl (now at Vyšehrad) was built at the mouth of Jindrišská Street and later the Baroque statue of Jan Nepomucký with the angels by an unknown sculptor was built opposite today’s Opletalova Street in 1727. Both statues were removed in 1879. A statue of the patron saint of the Czech lands used to be a place where inhabitants of Prague assembled at important moments. After one such meeting of people in 1848 Karel Havlícek Borovský suggested to rename to the Horse Market to the St. Wenceslas square. In 1786 Czech patriots opened the first Czech theatre called Shed (Bouda) near the middle fountain, where performances were played in the Czech language. It was demolished in 1789 for interfering with traffic. Soon the square was paved with pebble boulders, known as "bull’s eyes". In 1865 gas lighting was installed there. Gas lamps were installed in rows along sidewalks and from 1868 massive iron lampposts with lamps were installed in the middle axis of the square designed by architect Aleš Linsbauer and sculptor Eduard Veselý. In 1895 electric lighting was permanently established at the Wenceslas Square.
In 1890 the large building of the National Museum (see separate document) was built on top of the square and has been its dominant till these days. The square was initially without green and trees. In 1876 four rows of trees (sycamores etc.) were planted in the lower part of the square and 6 rows of trees were planted in the upper part. Many of them soon died, and so in the middle of 1890s the director of the Prague parks, František Thomayer replaced them with green lime trees which were planted along the sidewalks. Today, silvery tomentose or lindens, which are more durable, grow at the square. There are more than 150 of them.
In 1884, the first tram came across the square, still drawn by horses. Its route led from the Na Mustku across the square to Vinohrady and the Nusle stairs. The first electrical tram drove on rails, relocated to the sidewalks in 1900. The trams provided the transport across the square until 1980. The last tram was the night tram number 22 on 13 December of that year. After removing rails number of ornamental shrubs, grasses and flowers were planted here, and in the 1980s an extensive pedestrian zone was adapted in the lower part of the square. Near the statue of St. Wenceslas a promenade was built."

Source and more information: (visit link)
Location City and Country: Prague, Czech Republic

Name of Location or Landmark: Wenceslas Square

Location or Landmark website: [Web Link]

Puzzle or 3d model Manufacturer: Fine Art America

Puzzle or 3d model Manufacturer's Website: [Web Link]

Puzzle Type: Wood 2 dimensional

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sernikk visited Wenceslas Square - Prague, Czech Republic 05/14/2022 sernikk visited it