Battle of Medina
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member WayBetterFinder
N 29° 06.525 W 098° 32.326
14R E 544877 N 3220122
Quick Description: Of the three locations claiming to be the place where The Battle of the Medina was actually held, this one is the most popular site. However, it still may be off by about 3 miles, according to dissenting historians.
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 9/10/2021 2:16:30 PM
Waymark Code: WM14Y33
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
Views: 3

Long Description:
This pole-mounted metal plaque is a typical Texas historical marker. It is found at the intersection of Bruce Road and Old Applewhite Road. It stands behind a red pipe fence on private property but is tall enough and close enough to the road to easily be seen, read, and photographed from the public roadway.

This battle was the decisive battle of the *first* attempt that the people of Texas made to become independent. In this case, the Tejanos, Mexicans, and indigenous Indians of this area were trying to win independence from Spain. Unfortunately, on August 18, 1813, these Republican soldiers fought against the Spanish Royalist soldiers and the Republican army was slaughtered during a four hour fight. Only about 100 Republican soldiers survived. The rest of the 1.300 of the Republicans were either killed in battle or executed afterwards when captured. The Spanish army buried the Royalist soldiers who had died but left the Republican dead in the field where they fell. The bodies remained unburied for about 7 years until finally the local government ordered the bones to be gathered and buried with honor under an oak tree near the battlefield. This Battle of Medina is believed to be the bloodiest battle fought on Texas soil.

The loss of this Battle of Medina ended the push for independence that had spurred on this rebellion. However, about 23 years later, when General Sam Houston lead local forces against General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the outcome lead to independence for the Republic of Texas!

Link to the Texas State Historical Association article:
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Link to Wikipedia article:
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Facebook link to comments on The Battle of the Medina:
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Marker Number: 13310

Marker Text:
Texas' bloodiest military engagement -- the Battle of Medina -- may have taken place in this general vicinity in 1813. The early 19th century was a time of political upheaval, and in 1812, while the U.S. was at war with England, Spain faced revolts throughout Latin America, including Mexico. In this revolutionary climate, Americans and others began efforts to influence the fate of Mexico, of which Texas was a province.

Bernardo Gutiérrez and Lt. A.W. Magee marched from Louisiana to Texas in 1812 with their Republican Army of the North. Capturing Nacogdoches and Trinidad, they moved on to Presidio La Bahía, where they survived a four-month siege by Spanish governors and their Royalist forces. The Royalists retreated toward San Antonio in February 1813, and in March the Republican Army followed them and was ambushed in the Battle of Rosillo. The Republicans persevered, captured San Antonio and executed the Spanish governors. Gutiérrez's new Republic of Texas, with its green flag, was marked by internal political problems.

Spain sent troops under Gen. Joaquín de Arredondo to retake Texas. Among his men was Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, later Mexico's leader during the Texas Revolution. The Republicans marched from San Antonio on Aug. 15, 1813 with about 1,400 troops: American volunteers, Tejanos, Mexicans and Native Americans. Led across the plains south of the Medina River, the fatigued army faced Spanish troops on Aug. 18 and was soundly defeated. Fewer than 100 escaped; most were executed. The Spanish left the decimated Texans on the battlefield and proceeded to San Antonio to punish citizens who supported independence. Eight years later, Mexican leaders ordered the remains of the fallen soldiers to be buried under an oak tree on the battlefield. Although the exact site of the battle has yet to be determined archeologically, the story remains an important part of Texas history. (2005)



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WayBetterFinder visited Battle of Medina 9/11/2021 WayBetterFinder visited it