General James J. Archer - Havre de Grace, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
N 39° 36.438 W 076° 08.631
18S E 401803 N 4384798
Quick Description: The birthplace of Civil War General James J. Archer, who commanded Confederate forces at historic battles such as Gettysburg and Manassas. He also commanded forces during the Mexican-American war at the Battle of Chapultepc.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 8/14/2021 4:44:23 PM
Waymark Code: WM14RAQ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 0

Long Description:
The plaque says, "James J. Archer was born here at the Carter-Archer house on December 18, 1817, the eight of John and Ann Stump Archer's eleven children. James Archer graduated Princeton in 1835, attended Bacon College in Kentucky, and studied law a the University of Maryland. He practiced law in 1847, when he was commissioned a caption in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War (1846-1848). He was cited for "meritorious conduct" at the Battle of Chapultepc (Sept. 12-13, 1847) and brevetted to major.

Archer returned to civilian life after the war, but rejoined the army in 1855, serving in Washington and Oregon until the outbreak of the Civil War. He resigned his commission and joined the Confederacy, rising from the rank of captain through colonel and then brigadier general. He commanded at various times soldiers from Texas, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee. Archer and his troops served with distinction in the Peninsula Campaign, the battle of Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's siege of Harpers Ferry, and the battle of Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.

Archer led some of the firs Confederates engaged at the Battle of Gettysburg. One of his men fired the shot that killed Union Gn. John Reynolds. While Archer's men were being pressed back, he was captured. Archer was chronically ill for most of the war, and a year's imprisonment at Johnson's Island, Ohio, ruined what was left of his health.

After being exchanged, he rejoined the army briefly but died on October 24, 1864, in Richmond and was buried there in Hollywood Cemetery."
Name of Famous Person: General James J. Archer

Physical Address: Harve de Grace, MD, USA

What is this person famous for?:
Civil War general


Website verifying legitimacy of site: [Web Link]

Personal Experience:
Visited on 14 August 2021


Other information about area:
Within Susquehanna State Park


Additional Website verifying Site legitimacy: Not listed

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