FIRST - Labour Dispute - PREMIER - Conflit Ouvrier - Gatineau, Québec
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 45° 35.397 W 075° 25.055
18T E 467427 N 5048574
Quick Description: Le premier conflit de travail, où il y a mort d'hommes au Québec et au Canada, a eu lieu à Buckingham le 8 octobre 1906. The first labor dispute, in which men died in Quebec and in Canada, took place in Buckingham, on October 8, 1906.
Location: Québec, Canada
Date Posted: 12/7/2020 8:19:40 AM
Waymark Code: WM13G8F
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member model12
Views: 2

Long Description:
Inscription sur la plaque près du monument à la mémoire de Thomas Bélanger et/and François Thériault:

Ce monument commémore le caractère exceptionnel de la confrontation du 8 octobre 1906, le premier conflit ouvrier québécois et canadien où il y a mort d'hommes. Les employés de la compagnie James Maclaren, qui veulent obtenir des salaires et des condition de travail équitables, organisent l'Union internationale des ouvriers de Buckingham pour faire valoir leurs demandes. L'employeur décrète alors un lock-out, rejette toutes les offres de médiation et fait appel à une armée privée pour briser la résistance ouvrière. C'est ainsi que le lundi 8 octobre, en début d'après-midi, sur le bord de la rivière du Lièvre, quelques centaines d'ouvriers essaient de convaincre des confrères à cesser le travail. En face d'eux, armée et retranchée dans les hauteurs de la pinède, se trouve une quarantaine d'hommes de la « Thiel Detective Service ». La fusilage qui suite entraîne dans la mort Thomas Bélanger et François Thériault et blesse plusieurs autres dirigeants syndicaux. Ahuris, les ouvriers montent à l'assaut et mettent en fuite les fiers-à-bras de la Thiel. À la suite de cette altercation, le maire de la ville et gérant de la compagnie demande l'intervention de la milice et de l'armée. L'occupation militaire ne dure que deux semaines : celle des cœurs et des esprits perdure encore de nos jours.

Translated from the above noted text:

Inscription on the plaque near the monument to the memory of Thomas Bélanger and / and François Thériault:

This monument commemorates the exceptional nature of the confrontation of 8 October 1906, the first Canadian and Quebec labor dispute where men were killed. Employees of the company, James Maclaren, who wanted to get fair wages and working conditions, organized the International Union of Buckingham Workers to assert their claims. The employer then decreed a lockout, rejected all offers of mediation and appealed to a private army to break the workers' resistance. Thus, Monday, October 8, in the early afternoon, on the edge of the Lièvre River, a few hundred workers tried to convince colleagues to stop work. In front of them, armed and entrenched in the hills above the pine forest, were located about forty men of the "Thiel Detective Service". The following fusillade caused the deaths of Thomas Bélanger and François Thériault and wounded several other union leaders. Bewildered, workers climbed to the assault and put to flight the strong-arm of the Thiel. Following the altercation, the mayor of the city and the company manager requested the intervention of the militia and the army. The military occupation lasted only two weeks: that of hearts and spirits still continues today.
FIRST - Classification Variable: Item or Event

Date of FIRST: 10/8/1906

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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