Parker’s Battery Richmond National Battlefield Park - Chester VA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 37° 20.994 W 077° 23.691
18S E 287879 N 4136379
A small monument, erected by the survivors of Parker’s Battery, emphasizes the importance of this place in their post-Civil War lives.
Waymark Code: WM13513
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 09/17/2020
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Turtle3863
Views: 0

Parker’s Battery-Richmond National Battlefield Park--(left panel)
Parker’s Battery
A one-quarter-mile walking trail through the site offers a window into the existence of a typical Civil War artillery company on the front lines during the final year of the war. The men depended on the marssive earthen fortifications for daily protection. Elaborately constructed cannon emplacements are reminders of why they were here. A small monument, erected by the survivors of Parker’s Battery, emphasizes the importance of this place in their post-Civil War lives.

William Watts Parker, a Richmond physician, raised an artillery company in 1862 and gave it his name. Just weeks before the war’s end, Captain Parker received promotion to major and left the battery.

(center panel)
Richmond-Petersburg Campaign
June 1864

The contending armies marched from Cold Harbor towards Petersburg in mid-June 1864 in what became a dramatic high-stakes race. Both sides already held fortified lines here on the Bermuda Hundred peninsula. Grant borrowed troops from this force—Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s Army of the James—to help strengthen his drive towards Petersburg. The balance of his army swept in from the east after a forced march from Cold Harbor and attacked Petersburg on June 15-18.

General P.G.T. Beauregard commanded the Confederate troops at Bermuda Hundred. He made the difficult decision to abandon the peninsula and rush to the aid of Petersburg’s defenders. Very briefly, the route to Richmond lay open through Bermuda Hundred. But Lee’s Confederate army arrived in time to restore the lines here and to help defends Petersburg. Parker’s battery was part of the force that Lee assigned to Bermuda Hundred on June 17.

Bermuda Hundred/Parker’s Battery
After Butler’s army landed at Bermuda Hundred on May 5, 1864, this area saw continuous operations until April 3, 1865, forcing Confederate leaders to defend this area with veteran troops, like Parker’s Battery. Today this site offers a well-preserved window into the conditions along Richmond’s defenses in 1864 and 1865. Although most of the adjacent entrenchments and battlefields associated with this campaign are gone forever, Parker’s Battery stands as an evocative reminder of how things were in that dramatic era.

Petersburg Siege
The Confederate defenses at Petersburg eventually became complex and extensive. But in June 1864 a badly outnumbered force desperately guarded the primary line of defense against the converging columns of the Union army.

Map represents situation in June 1864

(right panel)
Parker’s Battery
Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park

The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the battlefield landscapes, to hear the stories of the combatants and civilian residents, and to understand the complex reasons why Richmond came to symbolize the heart and soul of the Confederacy.

Location: Marker can be reached from Ware Bottom Spring Road 0.1 miles east of Old Stage Road, on the right when traveling east. Located within the Parker’s Battery Unit of the Richmond National Battlefield Park. Postal address: 1801 Ware Bottom Spring Road, Chester VA 23836
Related Website: [Web Link]

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Don.Morfe visited Parker’s Battery Richmond National Battlefield Park - Chester VA 10/02/2021 Don.Morfe visited it