Engagement at Great Cacapon-Struggle in the Snow - Great Cacapon WV
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 37.356 W 078° 15.576
17S E 735219 N 4389459
Quick Description: Before you is the village of Great Cacapon. After driving off the Federal garrison in Bath (present day Berkeley Springs) on January 4, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson sought to tear up the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Location: West Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 8/21/2020 11:17:11 AM
Waymark Code: WM130KA
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member jhuoni
Views: 0

Long Description:
Engagement at Great Cacapon-Struggle in the Snow— Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign — (Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 and shelled Hancock, Md.; he marched into Romney on January 14. Despite atrocious winter weather, Jackson's men destroyed telegraph lines and 100 miles of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad track. Leaving Gen. William W. Loring's brigades in Romney, Jackson led the Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester on January 23. Loring followed on January 31, and the Federals reoccupied Romney on February 7.

Before you is the village of Great Cacapon. After driving off the Federal garrison in Bath (present day Berkeley Springs) on January 4, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson sought to tear up the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, including the heavy timber railroad bridge over the Cacapon River. Jackson dispatched Col. Albert Rust to tend to it.

That evening, Capt. William B. Slaughter’s Co. G, 39th Illinois Infantry, guarded the bridge. Shortly after dark, part of Co.
E arrived as well as the 13th Indiana Infantry, brought by train from Sir Johns Run (down the Potomac River to your right). Slaughter spread his men out along the western (far) bank of the Cacapon River from the bridge to a ford down-stream, as the Indiana men prepared to get off the train to cook dinner.

Just then, Rust led 600 men of the 3rd Arkansas and 37th Virginia Infantry regiments, with two cannons, down this mountain. The Arkansas men attacked the bridge while the Virginians struck the ford. Exploding shells frightened the train engineer, who immediately steamed upriver toward Cumberland, taking the Indiana regiment with him. Alone and outnumbered, the two Illinois companies held their ground, and the Confederates slowly withdrew. When fighting stopped, Slaughter ordered a retreat across the Potomac into Maryland, where his men emerged from the freezing water “encased in sheets of ice.” The next morning, the Confederates returned and burned the bridge and depot.

With the railroad destroyed from Great Cacapon to Hancock, and Federal soldiers forced back into Maryland at all points, Jackson began his march west to Romney.
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
Cacapon Road (County Route 9)
Great Cacapon, WV USA
25422


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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