Attack on the Union Left-Into a Withering Fire - Franklin TN
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 35° 54.885 W 086° 51.988
16S E 512047 N 3974501
Quick Description: On the afternoon of November 30, 1864, elements of Confederate Gen. William W. Loring’s division rushed across the ground in front of you during the Battle of Franklin to attack the Federal left flank here.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 5/26/2020 9:43:16 AM
Waymark Code: WM12GYJ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member jhuoni
Views: 0

Long Description:
Attack on the Union Left-Into a Withering Fire— Hood's Campaign —

(preface)
In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to the Sea,” Hood moved north into Tennessee. Gen. John M. Schofield, detached from Sherman’s army, delayed Hood at Columbia and Spring Hill before falling back to Franklin. The bloodbath here on November 30 crippled the Confederates, but they followed Schofield to the outskirts of Nashville and Union Gen. George H. Thomas’s strong defenses. Hood’s campaign ended when Thomas crushed his army on December 15-16.

(main text)
On the afternoon of November 30, 1864, elements of Confederate Gen. William W. Loring’s division rushed across the ground in front of you during the Battle of Franklin to attack the Federal left flank here. Union artillery fire from here and from Fort Granger to your right across the river raked Loring’s men as they approached, and the obstacle of the Harpeth River forced them to shift across the railroad. Jammed together in overlapping ranks, the Confederates suffered enormous losses.

Earlier in the day, as Federal troops constructed earthworks near the railroad tracks, they cut down several acres of Osage orange hedges and spread the thorny branches out in front of the works here. Loring’s men, trying to hack their way through, faced sheets of musketry and a deafening chorus of artillery fire from your right in the deepening twilight. Men fell in piles, dead or wounded. Some of them crawled on the hands and knees along the tracks, desperately looking for a way around the Union left flank. The Federals moved two artillery pieces to the edge of the railroad cut and fired point blank into the hapless Confederates.

The Union troops here—mostly Indiana men—inflicted enormous casualties on Loring’s division. Loring’s losses totaled almost a thousand, including two brigade commanders. Many of the Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana men who died here were buried along the road and tracks, and in front of the breastworks. A year and half later, they were reburied a mile from here at Carnton in the McGavock Confederate Cemetery.

"Oh! What a real comfort it was to know that we who, during the hot Summer (Atlanta) campaign, had stood the crash of so many fierce assaults against their solid fortifications, were now on the right side of the works, and in such a splendid position, with a gentle slope
away from us and not even a mullein-stalk to obstruct our fire for a good third of a mile." — Union Capt. Eli T. Scofield

(captions)
(left) Gen. William W. Loring - Courtesy Williamson County Historical Society
(right) Kurz and Allison, Battle of Franklin
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
intersection of Lewisburg Avenue (U.S. 431) and Thompson Alley
Franklin , TN USA
37064


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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