Vital Crossroads-Clear Springs in the Civil War - Clear Spring MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 39.414 W 077° 56.136
18S E 248147 N 4393797
Quick Description: This was a lively Unionist community on the important National Road during the war.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 3/12/2020 10:58:39 AM
Waymark Code: WM126J7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 0

Long Description:
Vital Crossroads-Clear Springs in the Civil War-This was a lively Unionist community on the important National Road during the war. In nearby Four Locks on January 31, 1861, local residents raised a 113-foot-high “Union Pole” with a streamer proclaiming the “Union Forever.”

Many local men enlisted in the Federal 1st Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry and Co. B, Cole’s Cavalry, but several joined the Confederate units. A Federal detachment occupied Clear Spring and maintained a signal station on nearby Fairview Mountain. On May 23, the Clear Spring Guard drove off Confederates attempting to capture the boat at McCoy’s Ferry on the Potomac River, south of here. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s troops attacked the nearby Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in December.

After the Confederate retreat to western Virginia after the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, Gen Robert E. Lee sent Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and more than 1,000 cavalrymen on a raid around the Union army. Stuart’s force crossed at McCoy’s Ferry on October 10 and rode through the Clear Spring community to Mercersburg and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, seizing prisoners, horses, and supplies before escaping through Maryland.

During the Confederate retreat from Gettysburg in 1863, on July 10 a large cavalry rearguard action began in Clear Spring and continued toward Williamsport. More than 1,500 cavalrymen were involved.

In 1864, Confederate cavalry Gens. John McCausland and Bradley Johnson crossed into Maryland at McCoy’s Ferry on July 29. After driving a 400-man Union force from Clear Spring. McCausland rode to Chambersburg and burned it the next day.
Type of site: Battlefield

12624 Broadfording Road
in front of the Synder Library
Clear Spring, MD USA

Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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