Williamsport-The Beginning and the End - Williamsport, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 36.047 W 077° 49.658
18S E 257215 N 4387270
Quick Description: On June 15, 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s second invasion of the North began here as 2,000 of Gen. Albert G. Jenkins’s infantrymen splashed across the Potomac River.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 3/7/2020 10:19:22 AM
Waymark Code: WM125ZN
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 0

Long Description:
Williamsport-The Beginning and the End— Gettysburg Campaign —On June 15, 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s second invasion of the North began here as 2,000 of Gen. Albert G. Jenkins’s infantrymen splashed across the Potomac River. For the next eleven days, almost 50,000 soldiers under Gens. James Longstreet and A.P. Hill entered Maryland here at Williamsport. Hungry Confederates temporarily occupied the town, and many residents welcomed them with tables in the streets loaded with milk, bread, and meat.

Less than a month later, Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, reeling from the defeat at Gettysburg, returned. The first of the wounded arrived on July 5, the day after the battle ended, but were trapped here by the rain-swollen river. Williamsport became a “great hospital for the thousands of wounded,” according to Confederate Gen. John B. Imboden, who ordered every family in town to cook for the casualties.

Ferryboats soon began transporting the army across the river as Union signal corpsmen watched, and by July 14, most of the soldiers had left Maryland behind. Even after the water subsided, however, the current remained swift. The tallest men formed two lines from shore to shore with their guns interlocked to mark a strong and stable line. Despite their efforts, ammunition was soaked and Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps lost 8,000 pairs of shoes to the rushing waters.

“May the Lord prosper this expedition and bring an early peace out of it. I feel that we are taking a very important step, but see no reason why we should not be successful. We have a large army that is in splendid condition and spirit and the best Generals in the South. … Hope and pray for the best. This is a momentous time.” —Gen. W. Dorsey Pender, mortally wounded at Gettysburg, to his wife.

“And so we turned our backs on Maryland. … What a change in one month! Could not refrain from some bitter tears as I stood on the Virginia shore and looked back to our beloved State. … Last night the band played ‘Sweet Home’ – what a mockery to us [Marylanders]!” —Lt. McHenry Howard, Confederate Staff Officer.
Type of site: Transportation Route or Facility

Address:
Williamsport section of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal NP. It is on the banks of the Cushwa turning basin
opposite the warehouse currently used as the park NPS visitor center.
Williamsport, MD USA
21795


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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