Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member marcius
N 61° 51.830 E 028° 54.070
35V E 600011 N 6860474
Quick Description: Olavinlinna is a 15th-century three-tower castle located in Savonlinna, Finland. It is the northernmost medieval stone fortress still standing.
Location: Finland
Date Posted: 2/22/2020 2:48:25 AM
Waymark Code: WM12417
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member MikeGolfJ3
Views: 26

Long Description:

Construction

The fortress was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 under the name Sankt Olofsborg in an effort to profit from the political turmoil following Ivan III's conquest of the Novgorod Republic. It was sited in Savonia so as to lay claim to the Russian side of the border established by the Treaty of Nöteborg.

One of Tott's letters from 1477 includes a passing mention of foreign builders invited to Olofsborg, probably from Reval, where the city fortifications were being extended. It was the first Swedish castle provided with a set of thickset circular towers that could withstand cannon fire. It is not by accident that a network of lakes and waterways forms the setting for the castle, for these would seriously impede a prospective Russian offensive.

The three-towered keep was completed in 1485, and the construction of the outer curtain walls with two towers was initiated immediately. They were completed in 1495. The castle is roughly a truncated rhomboid with keep on the western side of the island and the curtain walls and outer bailey to east. One of the towers of the keep, St. Erik's Tower, has a bad foundation and has since collapsed. One of the towers of Bailey, the Thick Tower, exploded in the 18th century. A bastion has been built on its place. The castle was converted into a Vaubanesque fort in the late 18th century with bastions.

History

Olofsborg withstood several sieges by the Russians during the First and Second Russian-Swedish wars. A brisk trade developed under the umbrella of the castle towards the end of the 16th century, giving birth to the town of Savonlinna, which was chartered in 1639.

While the castle was never captured by force, its garrison agreed to terms of surrender twice; first to invading Russians on 28 July 1714 and the second time on 8 August 1743, with the latter conflict's peace treaty in form of the Treaty of Åbo leading to the castle and the entire region being seceded to Empress Elizabeth of Russia.

Several devastating fires destroyed much of the castle's decor in the 19th century, all of its original furnishings were destroyed.

Tourism

The castle hosts several small exhibitions, including the Castle Museum which displays artifacts found in the castle or related to it, and the Orthodox Museum which displays icons and other religious artifacts both from Finland and Russia. The castle forms a spectacular stage for the Savonlinna Opera Festival, held annually in the summer since 1912.

Olavinlinna is the initial model for Kropow Castle in the bande dessinée King Ottokar's Sceptre, an album in the series of Adventures of Tintin created by Hergé.

Theme:
Medieval


Street Address:
Olavinlinna Castle FI-57130 Savonlinna Finland


Food Court: yes

Gift Shop: yes

Hours of Operation:
January 2nd - May 31st Monday-Friday 10.00-16.00, Saturday-Sunday 11.00-16.00.; June 1st - June 30th and August 1st - August 31st Every day 11.00-18.00.; July 1st - July 31st Every Day 10.00-18.00.; September 1st - December 15th and December 27th - December 30th. Monday-Friday 10.00-16.00, Saturday-Sunday 11.00-16.00.


Cost: 12.00 (listed in local currency)

Museum Size: Medium

Relevant Web Site: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
In order to log this waymark in this category, you must be able to provide proof of your visit. Please post a picture of yourself or your GPSr in front some identifiable feature or point of interest either in the museum, or on the museum grounds.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Toivontai visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 2/21/2022 Toivontai visited it
Nortti10 visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 8/26/2021 Nortti10 visited it
Jani_ja_perhe visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 8/8/2021 Jani_ja_perhe visited it
Oloneuvos visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 6/28/2021 Oloneuvos visited it
Mimustikka visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 3/6/2021 Mimustikka visited it
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Ajosa visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 9/19/2020 Ajosa visited it
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ÄrYks visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 8/11/2020 ÄrYks visited it
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Tiigeri visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 8/7/2019 Tiigeri visited it
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anneli89 visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 6/26/2019 anneli89 visited it
viitakkojim visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 10/6/2018 viitakkojim visited it
Wilina visited Olavinlinna - Savonlinna, Finland 7/27/2017 Wilina visited it

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