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FIRST - Trachoma Hospital in U.S. - Rolla, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 37° 56.637 W 091° 47.259
15S E 606524 N 4200289
Quick Description: Building now used by the Rock Mechanics and Explosive Research Center for the University of Missouri.
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 11/12/2019 7:48:28 AM
Waymark Code: WM11MBX
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member model12
Views: 1

Long Description:

County of Marker: Phelps County
Location of Marker: Kingshighway (Bus. I-44) & Fairgrounds Rd., Buehler Park
Marker Erected by: State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission
Date Marker Erected: 1953

Marker Text:

This Ozark plateau town, 1120 feet above sea level, was a "Child of the railroad." On a natural passageway to southwest Missouri, midway between St. Louis and Springfield, this site was chosen by the Southwestern Branch of the pacific Railway for an office and warehouses, 1855.

Rolla became county seat of Phelps County when E.W. Bishop, one-time associated with the railroad, donated 50 acres of land for this purpose, 1858. Court was held in the railroad office for a time. The county name honors John S. Phelps, Mo. Governor. The town name is probably a phonetic adaptation of Raleigh, N.C., but conjecture also credits other theories. Early settlers found a source of saltpeter for gunpowder in nearby caves.

During the Civil War, Rolla, strategically located at the terminus of a railway, was a great Federal military encampment. After Lyon's defeat and death at Wilson's Creek, 1861, his troops retreated here. Curtis with 12,000 men left here for the decisive Union victory at Pea Ridge, Ark. 1862. The sites of Fort Wyman and Dette, within town limits, recall elaborate Civil War fortifications.

The University of Missouri School of Mines & Metallurgy, early school of mines in U.S., was opened in 1871. The school has a notable mineral museum. Also in Rolla are the State Trachoma Hospital, first such institution in U.S., completed, 1939; Missouri Geological Survey Offices; and Federal Bureau of Mines and U.S. Geological Survey branch offices.

At St. James, 10 miles northeast, are the State Federal Soldiers Home, founded, 1897; and Missouri's Boys Town, youth conservation project, opened, 1949. Near St. James is Rosati (formerly Knobview), an Italian settlement famed for its grape production.

Maramec Iron Works, 7 miles southeast of St. James, is site of first major commercial iron furnaces in Missouri, 1826. Near the iron works is lovely Maramec Spring, which has an average flow of 96 million gallons daily.

Part of Mark Twain National Forest falls in the area which abounds in caves, streams, springs, highland views, and Indian mounds.

In nearby Pulaski Co., 26 miles southwest, if Fort Leonard Wood, U.S. Army training post.

FIRST - Classification Variable: Person or Group

Date of FIRST: 1/1/1939

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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