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1715 - Statue of St. Nicholas of Tolentino - Jevicko, Czech Republic
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61
N 49° 37.973 E 016° 42.562
33U E 623433 N 5499216
Quick Description: Two chronograms on the pedestal of the statue of St. Nicholas of Tolentino in centre of Jevícko
Location: Pardubický kraj, Czechia
Date Posted: 11/6/2019 10:22:53 AM
Waymark Code: WM11KD0
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Alfouine
Views: 3

Long Description:
The chronograms are located on the sandstone pedestal. The Roman numerals of chronograms are larger than the other letters and are not color-coded from the rest of the text.

The year 1715 from the chronograms referring to erection of the statue.


The chronograms:
honorI MagnI DIVI nICoLaI toLentInI In peste patronI // 1715
a DIV torIs egentIVM effICaCIs // 1715


Nicholas of Tolentino (c. 1246 – September 10, 1305), known as the Patron of Holy Souls, was an Italian saint and mystic.

Nicholas became a monk at 18, and seven years later, he was ordained a priest. He gained a reputation as a preacher and a confessor. In Tolentino, Nicholas worked as a peacemaker in a city torn by strife between the Guelphs and Ghibellines who, in the conflict for control of Italy, supported the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor respectively.

Nicholas was canonized by Pope Eugene IV (also an Augustinian) in 1446. He was the first Augustinian to be canonized. At his canonization, Nicholas was credited with three hundred miracles, including three resurrections.

There are many tales and legends which relate to Nicholas. One says the devil once beat him with a stick, which was then displayed for years in his church. In another, Nicholas, a vegetarian, was served a roasted fowl, for which he made the sign of the cross, and it flew out a window. Nine passengers on a ship going down at sea once asked Nicholas' aid, and he appeared in the sky, wearing the black Augustinian habit, radiating golden light, holding a lily in his left hand, and with his right hand, he quelled the storm. An apparition of the saint, it is said, once saved the burning palace of the Doge of Venice by throwing a piece of blessed bread on the flames. He was also reported to have resurrected over one hundred dead children, including several who had drowned together.

The general attributes of sculpture of St. Nicholas of Tolentino: Augustinian holding a bird on a plate in the right hand and a crucifix on the other hand; holding a basket of bread, giving bread to a sick person; holding a lily or a crucifix garlanded with lilies; with a star above him or on his breast.

=========================================================

Na trech stupních stojí hranolový podstavec a na nem strední volutový sokl se dvemi kartušemi na celní stene. Horní akantová kartuše rámuje zrcadlo s nápisem: "HONORI MAGNI DIVI NICOLAI TOLENTINI IN PESTE PATRONI a dolní, tvorená z poloviny akantem a z poloviny ovocným závesem, rámuje nápis: A DIV TORIS EGENTIVM EFFICACIS. Pod dolní kartuší je v nápisové pásce text, upomínající na zakladatele sochy: POSVIT AVGVSTINVS SCH... PRIOR GEVICENSIS. Na soklu stojí na nízkém plintu osazena socha svetce v rádovém hábitu, s mnoha vertikálními sklady drapérie a velkými rukávy. Pres ramena má prehozenu pláštenku s kapucí a uprostred hrudi osazenu pozlacenou osmicípou hvezdu. Postava je zobrazena v mírném kontrapostu a z drapérie jí hladce vystupuje pravé koleno. V levé ruce drží pozlacenou lilii a v pravé misku s pecenými koroptvemi. U levé nohy svetce sedí andílek, hlavu má otocenou vzhuru a pozvedává košík. Svatozár chybí, zbyl po ní jen cep.
Type of numerals used: Roman

Text of the original chronogram: honorI MagnI DIVI nICoLaI toLentInI In peste patronI // a DIV torIs egentIVM effICaCIs

Pure chronogram?: no

Natural chronogram?: no

Website explaining the chronogram: [Web Link]

English translation of the chronogram: Not listed

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