Fort Nashwaak - Fredericton, NB
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member T0SHEA
N 45° 57.704 W 066° 37.527
19T E 683991 N 5092537
Quick Description: This CNHS plaque and monument stands about 700 metres north of the site of Fort Nashwaak, which stood for a short time at the confluence of the Nashwaak and St. John Rivers.
Location: New Brunswick, Canada
Date Posted: 8/7/2019 11:34:55 PM
Waymark Code: WM1135Y
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Bon Echo
Views: 7

Long Description:
Fort Nashwaak was built by the French in 1692 and abandoned only six years later, in 1698. This plaque and cut stone monument were erected in Carlton Park at Union and Gibson Streets to commemorate the fort, which is today only a memory. Neither remnants nor archaeological evidence remain to mark the spot where the fort once stood, less than a kilometre from this monument. The site appears to be occupied by apartments or condos today.
FORT NASHWAAK

Erected in 1692, at the junction of the St. John and Nashwaak Rivers, by Governor Villebon. The French directed many attacks from it against New England, one of which resulted in the capture of Fort William Henry at Pemaquid, August, 1696; unsuccessfully attacked in October by New England troops under Colonel M. Hawthorne. The fort was abandoned by the French in 1698.

From the CNHS Plaque

Photo goes Here

Fort Nashwaak

DESCRIPTION OF HISTORIC PLACE
Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) National Historic Site of Canada is marked by a Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque located in Carleton Park, near the intersection of Union Street and Gibson Street in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Although there are no extant remains or known archaeological evidence of this fort, it was once a typical French fort of the 17th century, with a palisade made of timber piles and diamond shaped bastions. The fort had been constructed at the mouth of the Nashwaak River where it flows into the Saint John River, about 700 metres south of where the plaque is found today. Official recognition refers to the plaque surrounded by a five metre radius.

HERITAGE VALUE
Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1924 because:
- erected in 1692 and abandoned in 1698, from this fort the French directed many raids against New England, one of which resulted in the capture of Fort William Henry at Pemaquid in August 1696.

Constructed by the Governor of New France, Joseph Robineau de Villebon, during the winter of 1691-1692, Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) served to stabilize the New England-Acadia boundary, and prevented annexation of the French colony by the English. From the fort, the French, with the help of the Abenakis, organized and launched various raids against New England settlements. During a summer 1696 raid, a French force under de Villebon and his brother attacked and captured Fort William Henry. Though the English retaliated by attacking Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) by way of the Saint John River, the seige failed and was lifted after two days. In 1698, de Villebon was ordered by the King to build a new fort at the mouth of the Saint John River and Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) was demolished. The site and any archaeological evidence has subsequently been washed away due to erosion.

CHARACTER-DEFINING ELEMENTS
- its location in a landscape along the historic Acadian-New England boundary;
- its relationship with the Saint John and Nashwaak rivers, which provided natural barriers to attack;
- the plaque’s relationship to the fort’s original location, which lies 700 metres south of the plaque at the north-eastern tip of the intersection of the Saint John and Nashwaak rivers;
- the integrity of any as yet unidentified archaeological remains relating to the fort which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent.
From Historic Places Canada

URL of Page from Heritage Register: [Web Link]

Address of site:
Union Street at Gibson Street
Fredericton, NB
E3A 3P5


Site's Own URL: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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petendot visited Fort Nashwaak - Fredericton, NB 11/21/2021 petendot visited it