Sopwith 2F.1 Ship Camel - Ottawa, Ontario
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 45° 27.485 W 075° 38.649
18T E 449637 N 5034041
Quick Description: This Sopwith Ship Camel was manufactured by Hooper and Company Limited of London, England in late 1918. One of the last Camels to be produced, it was not completed in time to serve during the First World War.
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date Posted: 7/11/2019 11:17:28 AM
Waymark Code: WM10YDB
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Team GeoDuo
Views: 3

Long Description:
From an information panel on site:

Sopwith Ship Camel

Airpower over the Waves

Towards the end of the First World War, the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) operated land based aircrafts, seaplanes and airplanes that took off from warships. In 1917, the RNAS decided to replace its ship-based aircraft with Sopwith Camels - one of the most widely flown British fighter planes at the time. The Camel was modified, and the resulting Ship Camel had shortened wings, a detachable rear fuselage, and different weaponry. Ship Camels were mainly launched from large warships to attack German airships patrolling the North Sea.

From the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum's Website:

A single-seater British fighter biplane used by the Royal Naval Air Service and the RAF during the First World War

Preceded by the Sopwith F.I. Camel (one of the most successful British fighter aircraft)

Intended as a replacement for the Sopwith Pup, it was designed with a fuselage that could be easily separated in two for shipboard use

Produced for the Royal Naval Air Service with more powerful engines and heavier armaments
First flight was on December 22, 1916.


The Sopwith F.1 Camel was developed to replace the Sopwith Pup. Camels began to enter the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service in the middle of 1917 and met with immediate success. Although mainly used in western Europe, Camels also served in Italy. Some Camels were assigned to home defence, with the cockpit positioned further back and guns placed on the upper wings. The 2F.1 Camel was produced for the RNAS with more powerful engines and modified armament. A total of 5 490 Camels were built.

The name “Camel” was derived from the hump-shaped cover over the machine guns. In order to combat Zeppelins, 2F.1 Camels were flown from barges towed behind destroyers, from platforms on the gun turrets of larger ships as well as from early aircraft carriers. A 2F.1 successfully flew after being dropped from an airship, an experiment testing an airship’s ability to carry its own defensive aircraft. An armoured trench-fighting version was flown, but did not go into production.

Current Location:

First World War Exhibition, Canada Aviation and Space Museum


Transfer from the Canadian War Museum

The Museum's Ship Camel was manufactured by Hooper and Company Limited of London, England in late 1918. One of the last Camels to be produced, it was not completed in time to serve during the First World War. It was, however, used by the RAF until 1925, when it was transferred to Canada along with six other Ship Camels.

The Camel was used by the RCAF for demonstration flights and as a training airframe. It was loaned to the Canadian War Museum in 1957, and was later stored and displayed at the National Research Council in Ottawa. Restored between 1958 and 1959, and made airworthy between 1966 and 1967, the aircraft was flown between May and June of that year before being transferred to the Museum.

Technical Information:

Wing Span 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
Length 5.6 m (18 ft 6 in)
Height 2.8 m (9 ft 1 in)
Weight, Empty 434 kg (956 lb)
Weight, Gross 691 kg (1,523 lb)
Cruising Speed Unknown
Max Speed 184 km/h (114 mph)
Rate of Climb 1,980 m (6,500 ft) / 6 min 25 sec
Service Ceiling 5,790 m (19,000 ft)
Range 2.5 hours (Endurance)
Power Plant one Clerget 9B, 130 hp, rotary engine
Type of Aircraft: (make/model): Sopwith 2F.1 Ship Camel

Tail Number: (S/N): N8156

Construction:: original aircraft

Location (park, airport, museum, etc.): Canadian Aviation and Space Museum

inside / outside: inside

Other Information::
Space and Aviation Museum - Ottawa, Ontario Opening hours Daily 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission fees Adult $15, Youth (3-17) $10 Senior (age 60+) / Student $13 - Free on Thursday from 4 to 5 PM

Access restrictions:
Aircrafts cannot be touched. There are barriers on the floor that serve to prevent visitors from approaching too close and touching the aircraft.

Visit Instructions:
Photo of aircraft (required - will be interesting to see if the aircraft is ever repainted or progress if being restored)
Photo of serial number (required unless there is not one or it is a replica)
Photo(s) of any artwork on the aircraft (optional but interesting)

Tell why you are visiting this waymark along with any other interesting facts or personal experiences about the aircraft not already mentioned.
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