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CNHS - LYNNWOOD
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Bon Echo
N 42° 50.283 W 080° 18.187
17T E 556950 N 4743067
Quick Description: Once a private estate, the Lynnwood/Campbell-Reid House is the current home of The Norfolk Arts Centre at Lynnwood National Historic Site
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date Posted: 5/15/2019 9:28:23 PM
Waymark Code: WM10JFZ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
Views: 2

Long Description:


Constructed around 1850 and officially known as the Lynnwood/Campbell-Reid House, but more commonly referred to as just Lynnwood, this red brick mansion was constructed for Duncan Campbell. The house and grounds face the Lynn River, thus the name of Lynnwood. However, it is unclear to me who is "Reid" in "Campbell-Reid".

Lynnwood was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada on October 19, 1972. The Town of Simcoe subsequently designated the Lynnwood property under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1978. A plaque affixed to the front wall of the mansion reads:

LYNNWOOD


This Classical Revival house was built about 1850 for Duncan Campbell, banker, land commissioner and Simcoe's first postmaster. It achieves dignity through fine proportions and skilful use of classical motifs, rather than from the monumentality often associated with this style. The staircase, interior woodwork, including the seven original fireplaces and mantels, and the decorative plaster ceiling medallions and cornices, are all of exceptional quality.


Cette maison a été construite vers 1850 pour Duncan Campbell, banquier, agent des terres et premier maître de poste de Simcoe. Loin d’être colossale comme les maisons de style néo-classique, elle est remarquable par l’harmonie de ses proportions et l’habile disposition de ses ornements classiques. Sa décoration intérieure, soit l’escalier central, les boiseries, les sept foyers et manteaux originaux, les plafonds ornés de médaillons, ainsi que les corniches, a une valeur artistique exceptionnelle.

The following description of the building and it's significance is taken from the Canadian Register of Historic Places website:

Description of Historic Place

Lynnwood/Campbell-Reid House National Historic Site of Canada is an elegant modestly-sized brick house executed in the Neoclassical style located on a slight rise overlooking the Lynn River in the town of Simcoe. The red brick, rectangular, two-storey house features regular openings, a hipped roof, a dentil course at the cornice, while the chief feature is the Ionic portico projecting the main entrance. Above the entrance paired arched windows with a pronounced mullion and chimneystacks at the roofline continue the central emphasis. Official recognition refers to the exterior and the interior of the house on its legal lot.

Heritage Value

Lynnwood/Campbell-Reid House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1972 because:
- it is a Neoclassical house that achieves dignity through fine proportions and skillful use of classical motifs.

Lynnwood/Campbell-Reid House was built circa 1850 for Duncan Campbell, banker, land commissioner, and Simcoe’s first postmaster. After Campbell’s retirement from public office around the time of completion, the house and its surrounding grounds, which then consisted of four hectares (10 acres) of landscaped grounds, acquired a reputation for their elegance. The house is a refined example of a modestly sized residence in the Neoclassical style. The fine grounds surrounding the estate were broken up for development in 1911. Its restrained design displays a balanced, judicious use of elements including symmetrical window placement complemented by the classical portico, notable for its detail and craftsmanship, and the tall, decorated chimneystacks above. The sophisticated interior is what might be expected of an affluent client and member of society.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, October 1972.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its siting on a rise overlooking the Lynn River;
- its two-storey cubic massing under a truncated hipped roof with four twinned chimneys;
- its brick construction with rusticated stone foundation and trim;
- its three-bay main façade with evenly spaced multi-pane sash windows, central door with transom and sidelights, topped by double round-headed windows;
- its fine detailing including a dentilled cornice, carved stone portico with fluted Ionic columns and decorated architrave;
- its three-bay south elevation with French windows and long verandah;
- the rear 19th-century additions with arcaded brickwork and bargeboard trim;
- the centre-hall interior plan of the main block with its basement service areas;
- its classically inspired interior decor including its graceful, curving staircase, wood panelling, doors, and trim, original fireplace mantels, decorative plaster ceiling medallions and cornices, and the stained glass windows;
- its setting within a landscaped property.

Source: www.historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=12402&pid=0 , accessed May 2019

Classification: National Historic Site

Province or Territory: Ontario

Location - City name/Town name: Simcoe

Link to Parks Canada entry (must be on www.pc.gc.ca): [Web Link]

Link to HistoricPlaces.ca: [Web Link]

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