Emslandlager III Brual-Rhede - Rhederfeld, Germany
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member dreamhummie
N 53° 05.052 E 007° 13.687
32U E 381324 N 5883104
Quick Description: Location of former POW Camp "Emslandlager III" at the T-junction Friesenstraße - Katzenburg in Rhederfeld, near Rhede, Germany.
Location: Niedersachsen, Germany
Date Posted: 5/1/2019 4:13:35 AM
Waymark Code: WM10FWJ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 5

Long Description:
Emslandlager ("Emsland camps") were a series of 15 moorland labor, punitive and POWs-camps, active from 1933 to 1945 and located in the districts of Emsland and Bentheim, Lower Saxony, Germany.
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"The camp III Brual-Rhede was first planned in 1933 as a concentration camp for 1,000 prisoners, but then used by the judiciary in May 1934 as a prison camp. The guard took over a serving in the judiciary SA unit, which was later supplemented by judicial officials.

In early 1938, the judiciary planned an expansion of the camp to accommodate 1,500 prisoners. In September 1938, however, eight barracks were mined and brought to the Palatinate. They served there as accommodations for prisoners who had to do forced labor in the expansion of the "West WalIs".
Until the beginning of the war, people were imprisoned in the camp Brual-Rhede, who were persecuted by the Nazi regime for political, racial, social or religious reasons. In addition, there was a much larger group of prisoners convicted of criminal offenses. During the war, former soldiers were mainly imprisoned by Wehrmacht courts.
Depending on the time of year, the prisoners had to do forced labor in the moor for 8-12 hours a day (drainage, road and road construction, peat extraction). In particular, they were used to expand the Brualer Schloote. After the beginning of the war in 1939, they were increasingly used in war-important enterprises and in agriculture. In 1944, the engineering company Klatte from Bremen set up a factory at the warehouse, where prisoners had to produce armaments, including aircraft parts. The food was bad and in relation to the hard work not enough. Beyond this general ordeal, the prisoners were subjected to multiple physical and mental ill-treatment by the guards.
There are 59 deaths recorded in the civil registry; the actual number is likely to be higher. The dead were buried in the camp cemetery Börgermoor, today burial site Esterwegen.
In February 1945 there were still 700 prisoners in the camp. They were relocated in early April 1945 in the camp Aschendorfermoor."

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Harko72 visited Emslandlager III Brual-Rhede - Rhederfeld, Germany 6/30/2019 Harko72 visited it