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Romanesque Architecture
Managed By: Icon Here Romanesque Builders
Description:
Your mission if you choose to accept it, is to find either an original Romanesque (not pseudo-/neo-Romanesque) building or structure to post in this category.
Expanded Description:

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of Medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

This category adds to the existing categories Gothic Architecture, Renaissance Architecture, and Baroque Architecture identifying European architectural styles between the classical and modern periods.

The term "Romanesque" was first applied by the archaeologist Charles de Gerville, in the early nineteenth century, to describe Western European architecture from the fifth to the thirteenth century,

The term is now used for a more restricted period from the late tenth to the twelfth century.

The word was used to describe the style which was identifiably Medieval and prefigured the Gothic, yet maintained the rounded Roman arch.

Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman Architecture. The Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture.

The semi-circular arch was very popular in the Roman Empire. This similarity is likely where the term 'Romanesque' originated. The semi-circular arch is strong and durable. Romanesque architects love this arch, and they use it everywhere: doors, windows, ceilings, arcades.

An arch allows you to build unsupported openings out of masonry. It only took a little bit of cleverness to stretch this arch out, making a sort of tunnel. When this arched tunnel is used to roof a building, it's called vaulting. There were three sorts of vaulting popular in Romanesque times. First was the barrel vault. Next came the groin vault, which was later improved to ribbed vault.

The walls of Romanesque buildings are often of massive thickness with few and comparatively small openings.

The foliate Corinthian style provided the inspiration for many Romanesque capitals, and the accuracy with which they were carved depended very much on the availability of original models, those in Italian churches such as Pisa Cathedral and southern France being much closer to the Classical than those in England.

Your mission is to find either an original Romanesque era building or structure to post in this category. Any structure demonstrating Romanesque architecture, whether partly or entirely, e.g. churches, castles, town palaces, burgerhouses, watch towers, bridges, city gates, bell towers etc., are welcome in this category.

Instructions for Posting a Romanesque Architecture Waymark:

1). QUALIFYING SITES:

Because the officers in this category are not experts in identifying Romanesque architecture, this category requires that a reference on the internet clearly identifies the structure as belonging partly or entirely to the Romanesque style. The URL of this reference must be provided. The reference may be in any language, although the connection to Romanesque architecture must be easily determined from the results of an on-line translation in English. A photo of a sign or information panel linking a visible portion of the structure to the Romanesque period can be used to waive the website requirement.

A romanesque element of the structure must be clearly visible to the visitor. A structure simply built during the time period is not sufficient to qualify as a waymark in this category.

2). COORDINATES: Personally obtained coordinates must be obtained as close to the structure as possible. Coordinates should NOT be taken from a distant vantage point unless access is somehow restricted.

3). PHOTOS: At minimum one daylight photo is required showing the entire structure or the romanesque feature (no GPSr please).

Other photos showing different views and details of the site are highly encouraged. While we don't expect professional photography, waymarks submitted with underexposed, blurred, skewed or otherwise poor quality photos may be declined.

All photos must be the waymarker's original photos and be placed in the photo gallery for the waymark.

4). DESCRIPTIONS: Keep in mind that the quick description is what people see when browsing, so do your best to give a succinct description that will give people an "at a glance" overview of the waymark.

Bi-lingual descriptions of sites located in non-English speaking countries are encouraged in order to open the hobby to non-English speakers.

Further to this point, descriptions may be written completely in the local language.

In the long description please provide additional information about the history of the structure, its original and current use, etc.

5). VARIABLES: Please make a good faith effort to provide the information for the variables including architect when known, date built, etc.

6). WAYMARK NAME: The waymark title must include the full name of the structure followed by a dash and its associated community (city, village, named place, etc.) and the country separated by a comma must be at the end of each waymark name (Please spell out country names). An additional administrative subdivision of the country may also optionally be included between parenthesis, before the comma and country name using the following format. Example: Notre-Dame Church - Saint-Saturnin (Puy-de-Dôme), France.

Instructions for Visiting a Waymark in this Category:
Logging requirements: Please upload your own personal photo of the building. You or your GPS can be in the picture, but it’s not a requirement.
Category Settings:
  • Waymarks can be added to this category
  • New waymarks of this category are reviewed by the category group prior to being published
  • Category is visible in the directory
Variables:
  • Web site proof of Romanesque features
  • Date of origin
  • Architect(s) if known
  • Type of building (structure)
  • Address
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Image for Abbey of Saint-Étienne - Caen, Franceview gallery

EE34.6 km

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Romanesque ArchitectureAbbey of Saint-Étienne - Caen, France

in Romanesque Architecture

Abbey of Saint-Étienne, a.k.a. Abbaye aux Hommes, is located near the present day center of the city Esplanade Jean-Marie Louvel, Caen, Normandy, France.

posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member neoc1

location: Normandie, France

date approved: 3/18/2019

last visited: 1/14/2020

Image for Basilique Saint-Sauveur - Dinan (Côtes-d'Armor), Franceview gallery

SWSW113.3 km

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Romanesque ArchitectureBasilique Saint-Sauveur - Dinan (Côtes-d'Armor), France

in Romanesque Architecture

[FR] L'architecture de la basilique Saint-Sauveur de Dinan se partage en une partie romane du XIIe siècle et une partie gothique. [EN] The church boasts a successful blend of architectural styles.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Bretagne, France

date approved: 8/26/2018

last visited: 12/13/2019

Image for Cathédrale Saint-Julien - Le Mans, Franceview gallery

SESE140.3 km

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Romanesque ArchitectureCathédrale Saint-Julien - Le Mans, France

in Romanesque Architecture

[FR] L'architecture de la cathédrale cumule deux arts majeurs : l’art roman pour la nef et l'art gothique pour le chœur et transept. [EN] The cathedral combines a Romanesque nave and a High Gothic choir.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Pays de la Loire, France

date approved: 8/24/2019

last visited: 7/29/2018

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