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Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures
Managed By: Icon Here Navaid Searchers
Description:
Widely unknown to the broader public, there are thousands of stations all over the world that help airplanes to safely find their destination. This is the place to record them.
Expanded Description:


A standard VOR in Nieburg, Germany

Air navigation has gone a long way since the first motorized flights. With the growing number of airplanes, many navigational technologies have been invented, introduced, and later replaced with more advanced ones. Most passengers entering a plane have no idea how many ground based structures there are, that are (or were) involved in air navigation.


NDB transmitter Jersey West

We want to collect information about those structures, active or abandoned, no matter what technology used, as long as the explicit purpose is air navigation. Some of those systems are located in restricted areas, often airport grounds, but many are miles away, enclosed within small fences. Please, limit your contributions to locations that can be legally accessed and photographed! The viewpoint should be close enough to clearly identify some details of the structure.


Concrete Arrow near Transcontinental Air Mail Route Beacon 37A, St. George, Utah

In the first years of air travel there was only visual flight, but even then, facilities were built to help pilots find their way. Examples of this era are the concrete arrows in the American midwest and lit beacons, some of which have been preserved and still exist. The first radio navigation systems were introduced as early as 1907. Many different systems have been in use since then. Common current systems are VOR and NDB. Some of their precursors were LFR, VAR and many more. Today, there is a shift towards satellite based navigation, but ground based systems will be around for many years, remaining active as backup systems.

We want to neither bore nor frighten you with hundreds of acronyms. You do not need to know them and you do not have to be an expert to participate. But you will have to prove that your submission is indeed an object that is or was primarily used for air navigation. For this purpose, you must provide a link to a website at which this station is listed. Some good reference sources are:

NDBs / VORs

Aerodrome Beacons Ground-based Arrows

Radar stations are not used for air navigation by the pilots directly, so we are not going to accept them here. We are not looking for aircraft warning lights either.

Short Glossary (More information about the topic can be found e.g. here.)

Airway beacon: a rotating light assembly mounted atop a tower (created starting 1923, replaced by LFR after 1929, mostly deactivated by 1973; in Montana there are some remaining in service)
ADF: automatic direction finder (the on-board adjunct to NDBs)
LFR: low-frequency radio range (the main system in the 1930s and 1940s)
NDB: non-directional (radio) beacon (first deployed in the 1930s, still a standard system)
VOR: VHF omni directional radio range (invented 1937, deployed in 1946, still the standard system today with about 3000 stations worldwide)

Pictures from Wikimedia used under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license:

  • Nienburg by unknown
  • Jersey West by NigelJ 2010
  • Concrete Arrow by Dppowell 2014

Instructions for Posting a Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures Waymark:
COORDINATES must be obtained by a personal visit to the site and should be taken as close to the structure as legally possible.

PHOTOS: Please provide at least two photos, one close up photo of the structure and one photo which shows it in its surroundings. More pictures are always welcome.

DESCRIPTION: Provide as much information as possible - dates, historical significance, current status, etc. A long description is required and it must cover the specific structure of the submission. A general text about the system and how it works is not what we are looking for here, but can be added, if desired.

WAYMARK NAME FORMAT: The name of the waymark MUST follow this format: Name of the structure (including the type acronym or name, such as "VOR", "NDB", "Beacon", etc.) - City, State/Province or Country. If it is not within a city or town, then please use another regional designation such as county, parish, municipal division, borough - whatever best identifies the location.

SPECIAL NOTE: While the details outlined in our category description, and the requirements listed in the posting instructions, cover the MINIMUM elements and standards for all waymarks in this category, each waymark will also be evaluated by a volunteer reviewer for overall quality and appropriateness. If a reviewer deems that there are deficiencies in some aspect of the waymark, the waymark may be either declined or accepted with request for changes and/or additions in either content or format.

Each waymark will be evaluated on its own merits. We will endeavor to be reasonable and flexible while maintaining the quality standards for the category. If there is a disagreement, try to work it out with the evaluating officer, or appeal to the group leader, but we reserve the right to accept or decline a waymark based on our best judgement.

LANGUAGE NOTE: We recognize Waymarking as a global hobby and welcome waymarks from all countries. Because of our international scope, we also acknowledge ENGLISH as our lingua franca. English will create the highest level of accessibility globally. All waymarks must have at least a short description in the long description section in ENGLISH. We encourage bilingual and multilingual waymarks, but one of the languages must be English.
Instructions for Visiting a Waymark in this Category:
1. The waymark coordinates must be personally visited.
2. Give the date and a description of your visit.
3. Post at least one photo taken at the time of your visit.
Category Settings:
  • Waymarks can be added to this category
  • New waymarks of this category are reviewed by the category group prior to being published
  • Category is visible in the directory
Variables:
  • Reference
  • NavAid Type
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Currently displaying Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

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Total Records: 90 Page: 1 of 4 prev<<<[1234]>>>next
Image for Oblík Navigation Light - Oblík hill, Mnichov, Czechiaview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresOblík Navigation Light - Oblík hill, Mnichov, Czechia

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Historic non-functional navigation light on Oblík hill (509 m above sea level) north of Louny

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ashberry

location: Ústecký kraj, Czechia

date approved: 10/4/2021

last visited: never

Image for VOR DME MAY (Mayfield) - High Hurstwood, East Sussex, UKview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVOR DME MAY (Mayfield) - High Hurstwood, East Sussex, UK

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VOR DME aircraft navigation aid located between High Hurstwood and Fairwarp in East Sussex.

posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member JamesA60

location: South East England, United Kingdom

date approved: 8/22/2021

last visited: never

Image for ILS Lanzarote - Tías, Lanzarote, Islas Canarias, Españaview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresILS Lanzarote - Tías, Lanzarote, Islas Canarias, España

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Planes can be land good.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Ariberna

location: Islas Canarias, Spain

date approved: 8/20/2021

last visited: 8/20/2021

Image for Beacon - Grand Forks, NDview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresBeacon - Grand Forks, ND

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Retired Airport Beacon Tower, located at the University of North Dakota.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member m&m O

location: North Dakota

date approved: 6/28/2021

last visited: never

Image for Air Navigation Beacon - Hutchinson Municipal Airport, Hutchinson, KSview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresAir Navigation Beacon - Hutchinson Municipal Airport, Hutchinson, KS

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The air navigation beacon for HUT (Hutchinson Municipal Airport) is northwest of the airport buildings - in Hutchinson, Kansas.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member The Snowdog

location: Kansas

date approved: 6/22/2021

last visited: never

Image for Frankfurt VORTAC FFM — Frankfurt am Main, Germanyview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresFrankfurt VORTAC FFM — Frankfurt am Main, Germany

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Frankfurt • VORTAC • FFM in the immediate vicinity of Frankfurt Airport

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member prussel

location: Hessen, Germany

date approved: 5/4/2021

last visited: never

Image for San Diego Bay Navigation Light - San Diego, CAview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresSan Diego Bay Navigation Light - San Diego, CA

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An aircraft navigation light for military planes from Coronado on Shelter Island in San Diego, California.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote

location: California

date approved: 3/24/2021

last visited: 3/24/2021

Image for NDB RADA - Ostrava-Mošnov,Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB RADA - Ostrava-Mošnov,Czech Republic

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NDB RADA - Ostrava-Mošnov

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Moravskoslezský kraj, Czechia

date approved: 10/28/2020

last visited: never

Image for VOR DME SFD - Seaford, East Sussex, UKview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVOR DME SFD - Seaford, East Sussex, UK

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VOR DME aircraft navigation aid located in Seaford Head Nature Reserve.

posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member JamesA60

location: South East England, United Kingdom

date approved: 9/20/2020

last visited: never

Image for Airway Beacon - DFW, Dallas / Fort Worth, TXview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresAirway Beacon - DFW, Dallas / Fort Worth, TX

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The official aviation beacon tower for DFW; now a central feature of Founder's Plaza, on the northwest corner of DFW in Dallas / Fort Worth, Texas.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member The Snowdog

location: Texas

date approved: 9/14/2020

last visited: never

Image for Wiley Post VOR/DME - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma USAview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresWiley Post VOR/DME - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma USA

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

VOR with DME for Wiley Post airport, northwest Oklahoma City, OK. Best viewing is from between the FAA building and the Runway Restaurant building, as the VOR is across the taxiway. 5915 Phillip J Rhoads Ave, Bethany, OK 73008

posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member vulture1957

location: Oklahoma

date approved: 8/19/2020

last visited: 10/14/2020

Image for ILS BA5 Monte Real - Leiria, Portugalview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresILS BA5 Monte Real - Leiria, Portugal

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The Instrument Landing System (ILS) located at the end of Runway 19 at the Monte Real Airbase.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member tofixe

location: Leiria, Portugal

date approved: 7/16/2020

last visited: never

Image for Air Route Beacon - Washington, DCview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresAir Route Beacon - Washington, DC

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An air route beacon on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote

location: District of Columbia

date approved: 6/24/2020

last visited: 9/26/2021

Image for Atlanta VOR - Atlanta, GAview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresAtlanta VOR - Atlanta, GA

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

A VOR for Hartsfield Jackson International Airport.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member AnthemRose

location: Georgia

date approved: 10/21/2019

last visited: never

Image for VORTAC - OKC, Oklahoma City, Oklahomaview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVORTAC - OKC, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

The VORTAC on the northwest corner of Will Rogers World Airport (OKC) in south Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member The Snowdog

location: Oklahoma

date approved: 9/14/2019

last visited: 9/18/2019

Image for Locator NV - Nieuwkoop, The Netherlandsview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresLocator NV - Nieuwkoop, The Netherlands

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Locator NV in meadow near urban area of the village of Nieuwkoop

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Axel-F

location: Zuid-Holland, Netherlands

date approved: 9/14/2019

last visited: 3/16/2020

Image for NDB St-Honoré (YRC) - St-Honoré, Qcview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB St-Honoré (YRC) - St-Honoré, Qc

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Cette balise non directionnelle se trouve à St-Honoré sur la rue du Colombium.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member LadyKarine

location: Québec, Canada

date approved: 7/8/2019

last visited: 9/1/2019

Image for NDB PRVEK - Pardubice, Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB PRVEK - Pardubice, Czech Republic

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NDB PRVEK - Pardubice

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Pardubický kraj, Czechia

date approved: 3/1/2019

last visited: never

Image for NDB - Caslav, Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB - Caslav, Czech Republic

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NDB - Caslav

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Středočeský kraj, Czechia

date approved: 2/23/2019

last visited: never

Image for VOR-DME NERATOVICE - Repin, Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVOR-DME NERATOVICE - Repin, Czech Republic

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

VOR-DME NERATOVICE - Repin

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Středočeský kraj, Czechia

date approved: 2/15/2019

last visited: never

Image for VOR/DME Vozice - Smilovy Hory, Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVOR/DME Vozice - Smilovy Hory, Czech Republic

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

VOR/DME Vozice

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Jihočeský kraj, Czechia

date approved: 2/9/2019

last visited: never

Image for NDB - Holešov, Czech Republicview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB - Holešov, Czech Republic

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

NDB beside of Holešov town

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61

location: Zlínský kraj, Czechia

date approved: 2/2/2019

last visited: never

Image for MZB Vortac - San Diego, CAview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresMZB Vortac - San Diego, CA

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

A Vortex structure in the middle of Mission Bay in San Diego named MZB.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote

location: California

date approved: 1/21/2019

last visited: 1/21/2019

Image for NDB - Goulburn Airport, NSWview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresNDB - Goulburn Airport, NSW

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

A non-directional (radio) beacon (NDB) at the Goulburn Airport.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Tuena

location: New South Wales, Australia

date approved: 11/21/2018

last visited: never

Image for VORTAC TOF / Tempelhof 114,10 MHz Channel 88X - Berlin, DEview gallery
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Ground Based Air Navigation Support StructuresVORTAC TOF / Tempelhof 114,10 MHz Channel 88X - Berlin, DE

in Ground Based Air Navigation Support Structures

Ground based VOR in Tempelhof field, near in the middle of the area.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member André de Montbard

location: Berlin, Germany

date approved: 11/21/2018

last visited: 10/3/2020

Total Records: 90 Page: 1 of 4 prev<<<[1234]>>>next
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