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Freestanding Columns
Description:
Freestanding columns are sometimes purposeful and aesthetic, at others, remnants of what was, a surviving testament to something larger and at times, grandiose. This category seeks to document and record those detached stone sentinels, in every nation and every clime.
Expanded Description:

A column or pillar is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below. In short, it holds a building together from the bottom to the top. The columns sought here serve no structural purpose anymore; they have lost their accompanying architecture and stand alone.

Columns can be particularly beautiful if the base, capital and pillar are intact or they can be simplistic, like the columns found at the Temple of Apollo in Delphi. The can be smooth or fluted they can be ornamental or plain. Columns can be found in every nation, clime, continent, country and land.

There are five orders of architecture, the Tuscan, the Doric, the Ionic, the Corinthian and the Composite. By order in architecture is meant a regular arrangement of the projecting pars of a building, especially of the columns, so as to form a beautiful, perfect and complete whole (or in this case, incomplete).

The Tuscan is the most simple and solid of the five orders. The simplicity of this column renders it preferable where ornament would be superfluous. The Doric is plain and natural, the most ancient and invented by the Greeks. The solid composition gives it a preference in structures where chiefly strength and a noble simplicity are required. The Ionic is a mean between the more solid and the more delicate orders. The invention of this column is attributed to the Ionians. The Corinthian is the richest of the five orders and deemed a masterpiece of art. This order is used in stately and superb structures. The Composite is compounded of the other orders and was contrived by the Romans.

The original orders of architecture are no more than three, the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian, which were invented by the Greeks. To these, the Romans added the other two, the Tuscan, which they made plainer the Doric and the Composite, which was more ornamental, if not more beautiful, than the Corinthian. The first three only show invention and particular character and essentially differ from one another, the other two have nothing but what is borrowed and differ only accidentally. To the Greeks, therefore, and not to the Romans, are we indebted to what is great, judicious and distinct in architecture.

To learn more about columns and to enhance your understanding of this specific type of architecture, please visit the following sites:
Guide to Columns
Capital (architecture)
Greek Architecture
Columns


The forum discussion on Freestanding Columns can be found HERE

Instructions for Posting a Freestanding Columns Waymark:
When submitting a waymark please observe the following suggested requirements:

  1. Include a long description with at least ONE original sentence based on your visit and your own observations. A copy and paste is fine so long as it is identified as such, cited and accompanied by original text. Please include as much information about the column as possible such as construction date, origin, composition, historical background, etc. Your long description has to be longer than a sentence and has to demonstrate some effort.
  2. If you can, please try and identify some or all of the parts, especially the capital which often times, can be the most beautiful.
  3. Include a close-up of the capital, if one remains and any other ornamental or curious components of the column. Also, a minimum of three pictures must be included in the gallery.
  4. Explain where it is (park, ruins, etc.), how to get there and where it is situated in relation to the overall area.
  • Exceptions, Limitations, Exclusions

    A group of multiple columns standing at the same site within close proximity to one another like the National Capitol Columns at the United States National Arboretum in Washington, D.C, shall be documented as a single waymark. (no exception, sorry!)

    Single columns which are the principal structure of a war memorial, standing alone and meeting the height and composition requirements (see below), shall be considered. Single columns standing in a cemetery, also meeting the height and composition requirements (see below) shall also be considered.

    The following conditions shall be excluded from consideration:

    1. Columns under fifteen feet in height; columns that are broken, columns that are lying down
    2. Columns of plastic, vinyl, plaster, having a veneer or containing some other synthetic material and/or cheaply fabricated. Generally columns are composed of stone or some other naturally occurring material which renders the column solid and permanent.
    3. Obelisks
    4. Columns with other elements of architecture attached to the column like the entablature, the horizontal structure that is supported on the columns like a beam
    5. Columns which are not permanent, columns which are moveable, columns which are temporary
    6. Columns with statues, urns or some other non-column finial.

    If a column is found which includes one of these conditions, but for some reason an argument can be made for an exception, state the reason, and an exception may be considered and made.

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    Variables:
    • Documentation (website)
    • Type of Column
    • Location
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    Image for Erie Insurance Columns - Erie, PAview gallery

    NWNW65.2 km

    Log it!

    Freestanding ColumnsErie Insurance Columns - Erie, PA

    in Freestanding Columns

    Four Corinthian columns outside of Erie Insurance in downtown Erie, PA

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member jonathanatpsu

    location: Pennsylvania

    date approved: 8/15/2017

    last visited: never

    Premium Member Downloads: download.GPX Lite File       download.LOC File       download .KML File (Google Earth)