Show/HideSearch Criteria: All Waymarks Within 100 km of N 38° 15.940 W 096° 56.220 [show search options]
Additional Settings: all dates
Show/HideCategories [hide category]
Natural Springs
 allows ratings
This category is set-up to explore the beauty of free flowing Natural Springs. Along the trail, in a park, on the farm, wherever springs can be accessed by the public. Allows us to share in their beauty.
Expanded Description:

A spring is a point where groundwater flows out of the ground, and is thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface. Dependent upon the constancy of the water source (rainfall or snowmelt that infiltrates the earth), a spring may be ephemeral (intermittent) or perennial (continuous).

Springs can vary in extent from a few square meters to several square kilometers.. Springs can be local features such as a faults or caves where water can often be seen coming out of the ground.

Water issuing from an artesian spring rises to a higher elevation than the top of the confined aquifer from which it issues. When water issues from the ground it may form into a pool or flow downhill, in surface streams. Sometimes a spring is termed a seep.

A stream carrying the outflow of a spring to a nearby primary stream is called a spring branch. The cool water of a spring and its branch may harbor species such as certain trout that are otherwise ill-suited for a warmer local climate.

Minerals become dissolved in the water as it moves through the underground rocks. This may give the water flavour and even carbon dioxide bubbles, depending upon the nature of the geology through which it passes. This is why spring water is often bottled and sold as mineral water, although the term is often the subject of deceptive advertising. Springs that contain significant amounts of minerals are sometimes called 'mineral springs'. Springs that contain large amounts of dissolved sodium salts, mostly sodium carbonate, are called 'soda springs'. Many resorts have developed around mineral springs known as spa towns.

Water emanating from karst topography is another type of spring, often called a resurgence as much of the water may come from one or more sinkholes at a higher altitude. Karst springs generally are not subjected to as great a degree of ground filtering as spring water which may have continuously passed through soils or a porous aquifer.

What is a spring magnitude?

Springs are often classified by the volume of the water they discharge. The largest springs are called "first-magnitude," defined as springs that discharge water at a rate of at least 2800 L/s. The scale for spring flow is as follows:

Magnitude Flow (ft³/s, gal/min, pint/min) Flow (L/s)
1st Magnitude > 100 ft³/s 2800 L/s
2nd Magnitude 10 to 100 ft³/s 280 to 2800 L/s
3rd Magnitude 1 to 10 ft³/s 28 to 280 L/s
4th Magnitude 100 US gal/min to 1 ft³/s (448 US gal/min) 6.3 to 28 L/s
5th Magnitude 10 to 100 gal/min 0.63 to 6.3 L/s
6th Magnitude 1 to 10 gal/min 63 to 630 mL/s
7th Magnitude 1 pint to 1 gal/min 8 to 63 mL/s
8th Magnitude Less than 1 pint/min 8 mL/s
0 Magnitude no flow (sites of past/historic flow) 

Instructions for Posting a Natural Springs Waymark:
To post a waymark in this category you must post at least 1 photo of the spring and surrounding area.. No photo shopped or copyright photos accepted. You will need to post the coordinates for the spring itself as well posting coords for how to access the springs. Answer the variables as they relate to your spring. Please tell us how you found the spring, if there is a web site with additional information about the spring. If there is any history or local lore associated with the spring. If it is public or private land. If it is on private land how can other waymarkers access the springs. Also give us as close an estimation of the magnitude of the springs as possible based upon the chart provided. Also a brief description of the size and scope of the spring. How to access the spring, by hike, by canoe, ect.
Instructions for Visiting a Waymark in this Category:
Please post an original picture of the springs no GPS necessary along with your observations of the spring. What wildlife you saw if any and the condition of the springs. Water level was high, low. The area was clean, trashy ect. Any other knowledge or experiences you have had with this paticular spring that would help document it's history.
Category Settings:
  • Waymarks can be added to this category
  • New waymarks of this category are reviewed by the category group prior to being published
  • Category is visible in the directory
  • Public or Private Land?
  • Public Land Fees?
  • Private Land access?
Show/HideWaymarks [hide waymarks]

sorted by:

Total Records: 1 Page: 1 of 1 prev<<<[1]>>>next
Image for Crystal Spring - Florence, KSview gallery

here0 km

Log it!

Natural SpringsCrystal Spring - Florence, KS

in Natural Springs

Crystal Spring is one of the largest in the Flint Hills and serves as the main water supply for Florence, Kansas.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member The Snowdog

location: Kansas

date approved: 7/30/2021

last visited: never

Premium Member Downloads: download.GPX Lite File       download.LOC File       download .KML File (Google Earth)