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Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy Statues
Managed By: Icon Here "Viquesney" Statues
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We are seeking the famous “Doughboy Statues” created by E.M. Viquesney to document the history and contributions of this Great American Sculptor. Viquesney created his Doughboy in response to a national interest to honor those who died, were wounded, or served in the World War.
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New Page 1 One of the most readily recognizable features of

We are seeking the famous “Doughboy Statues” created by E.M. Viquesney to document the history and contributions of this Great American Sculptor. Viquesney created his Doughboy in response to a national interest to honor those who died, were wounded, or served in the World War. While he wanted to depict an American soldier in battle, he didn’t want to depict excessive might or power by portraying a soldier charging or running forward. Instead, he wanted to depict the "spirit" of the American Doughboy’s determination to preserve freedom for their country and mankind. So he portrayed a Doughboy striding firmly forward in an erect posture through "no man’s land." Replications of E. M. Viquesney’s Spirit of The American Doughboy are believed to be the focal points of over ten-percent of the U. S. World War I memorials, exclusive of those memorials that are merely plaques. Additionally, some believe that except for the Statue of Liberty, Viquesney’s Doughboy replicas have collectively been seen by more people than any sculpture in the U. S., even though many don’t realize they have seen them.

 

One of the most readily recognizable features of "Spirit of The American Doughboy" is his upwardly extended right arm with a grenade in the upraised hand. The other feature is the two stumps at his right front and left rear. His left arm extends downward and his left hand holds a bayoneted 1903 Springfield rifle, pointed forward at about thigh height. He wears a flat steel helmet, trousers bloused above the knee, and puttees (wrapped leggings) below the knees, all of the type worn by Doughboys in World War I. He wears a rectangular bedroll backpack with a bayonet scabbard on the side, a square gas mask pouch on his chest, a cartridge belt, canteen, mess kit, and first aid kit. Since he’s striding, rather than running or charging, his leading left leg is straight. His right leg is bent and, while the right heel is raised, the right sole is on the "ground." Barbed wire was originally strung loosely around his feet and the stumps, but it’s been removed for safety reasons from some Doughboys and is missing from others for other reasons.

 

The Great War Society wrote: For us today, and maybe for all Americans who will follow, the Doughboys were the men America sent to France in the Great War, who licked Kaiser Bill and fought to make the world safe for Democracy.

 

Doughboy as applied to the infantry of the U.S. Army first appears, without any precedent that can be documented, in accounts of the Mexican-American War of 1846-47.

 

When the Great War and America's entry into it came, the usage of doughboy changed dramatically. It became generalized in application, no longer limited to the infantry. All the army combat branches, aviators, logistical support troops and even the U.S. Marines were individually and collectively labeled doughboys. 

 

 

 

 

The exact number of versions of the work will probably never be determined, but it is approaching 140, in 38 different states. One source, an old newsletter on the statues, says "several hundred exist". Despite his prolific creativity, Viquesney who lived from l876 to 1946, was not much of a businessman. He left no records of his statues and sculptures, which included a World War II Soldier and a Civil War Confederate soldier and smaller figures. 

 

 

 

T. Perry Wesley, retired editor of the Evening World in Spencer, Ind., wanted to remind people of the importance of these statues, especially of a World War I doughboy created by E.M. Viquesney, a Spencer native. It was he who began the search in 1950, for these creations. He's documented Viquesney statues in nearly 30 states, including California, Washington, Florida and Maine, "from coast to coast and border to border," as he puts it. 

 

 

 

Also being found are statues that bear the copyright mark of Walter Rylander (Viquesney's business partner), and thus go unrecognized as Viquesney's work. Rylander owned the rights to Viquesney's Doughboy for four years, from January 1922 up to January 1926, and put his name on at least four statues; if there are any more of them around, people need to be aware that they are indeed Viquesney Doughboys, despite the name on the copyright. As an example, the Doughboy at St. Bernard, OH, which has a Rylander copyright, is known locally as the Soldiers and Sailors Monument, and its maker is listed in the Ohio Outdoor Sculpture Inventory (OOSI) as Walter Rylander. The statue at Bolivar, MO, turned out to be the fourth Viquesney Doughboy known to have a Rylander copyright.

 

 

Another addition to the confusion of these statues is that some of the copper statues made before 1934 are now known to have been manufactured by the Friedley-Voshardt Company of Chicago, IL, and may have their logo on the sculpture instead of Viquesney's name. One such example is Warren, OH. Others known to have been made by Friedley-Voshardt are Ft. Worth, TX, and Garfield Park, Chicago (now standing at Soldier Field).

 

 

So, in short, if you see a WWI Doughboy statue and think, "Wow, that statue looks just like Viquesney's Spirit of the American Doughboy, but the maker's mark on it says "Walter Rylander" or "Friedley-Voshardt", it's a Viquesney.

 

 

Do not  mistake John Paulding's work for Viquesney's . These will not be accepted. John Paulding (1883 - 1935) created his own series of WWI Doughboy statues, and when viewed from the front, they look very much like The Spirit of the American Doughboy . Be sure to check the  maker's mark, look for "Cast by American Art Bronze Foundry" on the first line, and "J. Paulding, Sc., © 1920 (or 1921) Chicago" on the second line; otherwise look for a brace supporting the proper right foot free of the base, and no tree stumps. The brace might be mistaken for some sort of misshapen tree stump, but on Paulding Doughboys there's always just one of them. Most Viquesney Doughboys have two tree stumps on the base (the rare stone version has one large tree stump in back for support). The two tree stumps were Viquesney's "hallmark" and are useful in identifying his metal Doughboy statues". 

 

 

Visit: http://www.emmitsburg.net/archive_list/articles/history/stories/doughboy.htm and http://www.orgsites.com/ca/emv-doughboy-searchers/_pgg1.php3

 

Another source for Doughboy information is: http://doughboysearcher.tripod.com/

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions for Posting a Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy Statues Waymark:
While naming your submissions please state the name first, then city and state. Example - Spirit of the American Doughboy - Johnson City, Tennessee.


One clear picture of the entire statue is required.
A second picture of Viquesney's signature or copyright plate,on the base of the statue, website documentation or similar proof that it is a Viquesney statue will be accepted.

What organization presented this statue - if known.
What year was it dedicated - if known.


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Image for Spirit of the Doughboy - Emmitsburg MDview gallery

SWSW13.7 km

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Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy StatuesSpirit of the Doughboy - Emmitsburg MD

in Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy Statues

This Spirit of the Doughboy statue was dedicated as a memorial to those from Emmitsburg who served in World War I. It is located in a very small park at the west end of town on West Main Street.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member HaricotVert_52

location: Maryland

date approved: 6/20/2009

last visited: 9/3/2014

Image for Spirit of the American Doughboy - Chambersburg, PAview gallery

NWNW38.5 km

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Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy StatuesSpirit of the American Doughboy - Chambersburg, PA

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Viquesney's Doughboy located in a small park on US 30 in Chambersburg, PA

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member uccacher

location: Pennsylvania

date approved: 10/13/2011

last visited: 4/15/2019

Image for Spirit of the Doughboy-Lancaster City, PAview gallery

EE83.5 km

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Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy StatuesSpirit of the Doughboy-Lancaster City, PA

in Viquesney's Spirit of the Doughboy Statues

Nice statue in front of the Army National Guard Building

posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member THE DAM TROLLS

location: Pennsylvania

date approved: 2/2/2009

last visited: 6/13/2013

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