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El Camino Real -- Site of Lacy's Fort, SH 21 west of Alto
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 31° 38.057 W 095° 05.602
15R E 301469 N 3501803
Quick Description: The 1936 Texas Centennial historic marker at the site of Lacy's Fort, a trading post and hiding place during Indian troubles along the El Camino Real
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 1/11/2018 12:52:44 PM
Waymark Code: WMXGVG
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
Views: 0

Long Description:
This 1936 gray granite historic marker is located at a highway pullout on the State Highway 21 west of Alto.

The marker reads as follows:

"SITE OF LACY'S FORT

Built before 1835 as a home and trading post by Martin Lacy, Indian agent for the Mexican government.

Used as a place of refuge after the massacre of the Killough family, October 5, 1838.

Erected by the State of Texas
1936"

From the Handbook of Texas online: (visit link)

LACY'S FORT. Lacy's Fort, also known as Fort Lacy, the fortified home and trading station of Martin Lacy on the Old San Antonio Road, was an important staging point for military operations during the late 1830s and early 1840s. It was located just off what is now State Highway 21 and two miles southwest of Alto in eastern Cherokee County. Lacy, who arrived in Texas in 1827 and served for a time as Indian agent for the Mexican government, evidently moved to the site before the Texas Revolution and established a trading post. Some sources claim that he built the fortifications before 1835, but later research suggests that it was not erected until around 1838. Fearing attack from Kickapoo and Biloxi Indians during the Córdova Rebellion in August 1838, Lacy abandoned the post and sought shelter on his farm, forty-five miles to the southwest. He returned a short time later and evidently began to construct defensive fortifications-probably a log blockhouse and stockade-that he called Fort Lacy.

In 1838 and 1839, during the campaign to suppress the Córdova Rebellion, the fort served as an operations and supply base for the Third Militia brigade commanded by Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Rusk. In December 1838 Capt. Joseph Daniels's Milam Guards also stopped briefly at Lacy's. During the Cherokee War in 1839 the fort was again the site of considerable activity, as hundreds of militiamen and volunteers from East Texas and rangers from Galveston and Houston passed through on their way to Camp Johnston and Fort Kickapoo. In September of that year the fort served as a rendezvous point for volunteers preparing to march to Fort Houston on the campaign that ended on October 16 with the battle of the Kickapoo Village. In July 1840 a small garrison of regular soldiers from Fort Skerrett camped there before moving onto the western frontier.

With the expulsion of the last uncooperative Indians from East Texas, however, Fort Lacy had outlived its usefulness. Lacy apparently began to dismantle the fortifications around 1841 or 1842. The settlement retained its name until 1849, when nearby Alto was founded. Within a short time most of the residents had moved to Alto, and by the early 1850s the fort site was evidently abandoned. The Texas Centennial Commission placed a marker at the site in 1936.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Cherokee County History (Jacksonville, Texas: Cherokee County Historical Commission, 1986). Dianna Everett, The Texas Cherokees: A People between Two Fires, 1819–1840 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990). Gerald S. Pierce, Texas Under Arms: The Camps, Posts, Forts, and Military Towns of the Republic of Texas (Austin: Encino, 1969). Hattie Joplin Roach, A History of Cherokee County (Dallas: Southwest, 1934).

Christopher Long"
Feature Discription: Historical marker

Web address for the route: [Web Link]

Secondary Web Address: [Web Link]

Beginning of the road: Natchitoches LA

End of the road: Guerrero MX

Visit Instructions:
We ask that if you visit the site, please include a unique picture with your impressions of the location. If possible, and if you are not too shy, please include yourself and your group in the photo. Extra points will be given for your best buffalo imitation or if you are licking something salty.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Benchmark Blasterz visited El Camino Real  -- Site of Lacy's Fort, SH 21 west of Alto 12/29/2017 Benchmark Blasterz visited it