Main river lock in Wurzburg
Posted by: manchanegra
N 49° 47.575 E 009° 55.510
32U E 566587 N 5516017
Quick Description: This lock is located in the Main river in Wuzburg, Germany.
It´s part of a Canal connecting the Rhine to the Danube and makes possible the conection between the North Sea and the Black Sea.
Location: Bayern, Germany
Date Posted: 11/2/2006 3:36:22 AM
Waymark Code: WMX6E
The Main (pronounced in German like the English word mine) is a river in Germany, 524 km long (including White Main 574 km), and one of the more significant tributaries of the Rhine river. It flows through the German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg (forming the border to Bavaria for some miles) and Hessen. Its catchment basin competes with the Danube for water; as a result, much of its boundaries are identical with those of the European Watershed.
The Main is formed near Kulmbach by the joining of its two headstreams, the Red Main and the White Main. The former rises from the Frankish Alb, 50 km in length, and runs through Creussen and Bayreuth. The latter's source is located in the mountains of the Fichtelgebirge; it is 41 km long. Major tributaries of the Main are the Regnitz, the Fränkische Saale, the Tauber, and the Nidda River.
The largest city along the Main is Frankfurt am Main (ford of the Franks). After the junction of its headstreams, the Main passes the following towns and cities: Burgkunstadt, Lichtenfels, Staffelstein, Eltmann, Schweinfurt, Volkach, Kitzingen, Marktbreit, Ochsenfurt, Würzburg, Karlstadt, Gemünden, Lohr, Marktheidenfeld, Wertheim am Main, Miltenberg, Obernburg, Aschaffenburg, Seligenstadt, Hanau, Offenbach, Frankfurt, Hattersheim, Flörsheim, Rüsselsheim. By the time it flows into the Rhine opposite Mainz, at a district of Wiesbaden (Mainz-Kostheim), it is a formidable river.
Extensive works have made the Main navigable for river shipping from its mouth at the Rhine, via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the highly regulated Altmühl river, all the way to the Danube. The river has been canalized with 34 large locks (300 m x 12 m) to allow vessels of so-called CEMT class V (110 m x 11.45 m) to navigate the total length of the river. The 16 locks in the adjacent Rhine-Main-Danube Canal are of the same dimensions, as are the locks on the Danube.
The river's mouth is 384 kilometers away from the junction with the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal. The winding course is the main reason for this considerable length; if the river was straight, it would be probably less than half its current length. Because the river is rather narrow for much of the upstream stretches, navigation with the larger vessels and push convoys that navigate it, requires great skills.
The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (also called Main-Danube Canal, RMD Canal or Europa Canal) connects the Main and Danube from Bamberg by Nuremberg to Regensburg. It forms a constantly navigable connection from the Rhine delta in Rotterdam to the Danube Delta in the Black Sea. It was completed in 1992.
From Bamberg to Fürth the canal follows the valley of the Regnitz, a tributary of the Main. From Fürth to beyond Roth it follows the valley of the Rednitz, a tributary of the Regnitz. It crosses the Frankish Alb mountains and joins the river Altmühl near Beilngries. From Beilngries to Kelheim on the Danube the canal follows the Altmühl valley.
The river has gained enormous importance as a vital part of European "Corridor VII", the inland waterway link from the North Sea to the Black Sea.
This connection was completed in 1992.
Waterway Name: Main
The main cities connected by the Main river are:
Burgkunstadt, Lichtenfels, Staffelstein, Eltmann, Schweinfurt, Volkach, Kitzingen, Marktbreit, Ochsenfurt, Würzburg, Karlstadt, Gemünden, Lohr, Marktheidenfeld, Wertheim am Main, Miltenberg, Obernburg, Aschaffenburg, Seligenstadt, Hanau, Offenbach, Frankfurt, Hattersheim, Flörsheim, Rüsselsheim.
It connects the Rhine river to the Danube allowing navigation from the North Sea to the Black Sea.
Date Opened: 1/1/1992
Elevation Difference (meters): 4.00
Site Status: Operational
Date Closed (if applicable): Not listed
Web Site: Not listed
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