Fighting in Hawkins County - Surgoinsville, TN
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member razalas
Assisted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Manville Possum
N 36° 28.104 W 082° 51.085
17S E 334119 N 4037496
Quick Description: A Civil War Discovery Trails sign palced in 2016 by the Tennessee Civil War Trails in Surgoinsville.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 11/16/2017 4:56:15 PM
Waymark Code: WMX2AA
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member MountainWoods
Views: 3
Created From:
 Fighting in Hawkins County - posted by Manville Possum

Long Description:
" Fighting in Hawkins County

Location: Long Bend Rd 0.1 miles south of Main St (TN Route 346), Surgoinsville, TN.

County: Hawkins.

Marker Text:

Fighting in Hawkins County
Surgoinsville and the War


Land, timber, and commercial opportunities drew settlers here to the banks of the Holston River. As the Civil War approached, the river's importance in the Tennessee Valley made it a contested transportation route. Hawkins County residents mostly voted against secession, but pockets of Confederate support existed.

The nearby Lyons store and post office, the commercial hub of Surgoinsville, became a focus of activity for Confederate supporters. On May 21, 1862, Clinton G. Lyons and Frank L. Phipps organized Co. A. 12th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion, there. Phipps was elected captain while Lyons, son of the store's Pennsylvania born owner Williams Lyons, was first elected lieutenant and later captain. The next month, when Confederate Gen. Kirby Smith planned to invade Kentucky, he wrote, "I think I shall order Colonel (James W.) Starnes to Rogersville to scout in Hawkins and Hancock (Counties). …If Captain Phipps's Company from Hawkins County can be found, …they could act as guides for him."

The war drew close to Surgoinsville in 1863, when an engagement occurred a few miles south at Big Creek on November 6. Confederate Gen. William E. Jones and his cavalry brigade surprised the regiments of Union Col. Israel Garrard, 7th Ohio Cavalry, and Maj. Daniel Carpenter, 2nd East Tennessee Mounted Infantry, and soundly defeated them.

Clinton Lyons survived the war and returned home to a county that remained divided for many years thereafter. He and his wife reared six children.

2016 by Tennessee Civil War Trails."

Source: (visit link)
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
Long Bend Rd
Surgoinsville, TN, TN


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Driving Directions:
Long Bend Rd 0.1 miles south of Main St (TN Route 346), Surgoinsville, TN


Phone Number: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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