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CNHS - Fort Drummond
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Bon Echo
N 43° 09.557 W 079° 03.261
17T E 658179 N 4780340
Quick Description: Built for the War of 1812, Fort Drummond sank into ruins following the war.
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date Posted: 10/10/2016 5:58:48 PM
Waymark Code: WMT7RC
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Jake39
Views: 6

Long Description:

This Canadian National Historic Site is located within the Queenston Heights Park (managed by the Niagara Parks Commission).

The plaque located at the site reads:

This small redoubt, or square fortification, and the U-shaped advance battery, named in honour of Sir Gordon Drummond, were built in the late spring of 1814 to defend the main portage road from Chippawa to Queenston. The earthworks enclosed a blockhouse which sheltered 100 men. After the British defeat at the battle of Chippawa, these men abandoned Fort Drummond and joined Major-General Riall's forces retiring to Fort George on 10 July 1814. For two weeks the fort and surrounding heights were held by American forces. When they retreated to Lundy's Lane, the British reoccupied Fort Drummond.

Information on the site from Park’s Canada’s Directory of Federal Heritage Designations

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1928-05-16
Dates: 1814 to 1814 (Construction)
Event, Person, Organization: War of 1812 (Event); Queenston - Chippawa Portage Road (Event)

Existing plaque: near General Brock Monument at entrance to Children's wading pool Queenston, Ontario

This double fortification was built by military labour for the defence of this frontier in May and June, 1814, and named in honour of Sir Gordon Drummond. The position being rendered untenable it was dismantled and abandoned, 10th July, 1814, reoccupied by British troops on 23rd July, and held as a military post until the end of the war.

Description of Historic Place

Fort Drummond National Historic Site of Canada is located in a park setting not far from Brock’s Monument in Queenston, Ontario. Built to protect the portage route around Niagara Falls during the War of 1812, the fort’s two square redoubts fell into ruin following the hostilities, and were incorporated into the park in 1926, now Queenston Heights National Historic Site of Canada. Official recognition refers to the two redoubts as defined by the outer limits of their earthworks.

Heritage Value

Fort Drummond was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1928 because: it was built to defend the main portage road from Chippawa to Queenston.

Fort Drummond was built in the spring of 1814 on Queenston Heights to guard the portage route around Niagara Falls from Chippawa to Queenston. It was composed of a square redoubt, enclosing a blockhouse for 100 men and a U-shaped advanced battery. Following the end of the war, the post was abandoned and sank into ruin. With the creation of the Niagara Parks Commission, both redoubts were incorporated into the Queenston Heights park. In 1926, a children’s wading pool was built in the western redoubt where the barracks once stood, and this use continues today.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1928; Plaque text, 1977.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include: its location and park-like setting and proximity to Brock’s Monument within Queenston Heights National Historic Site of Canada; the two extant redoubts in their forms, positions and setting; the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent; viewscapes to and from the two extant redoubts, the old Portage Road and the surrounding park, including Brock’s Monument.

Additional information gathered from Wikipedia (accessed Oct 11, 2016)

Built in 1814 by the British Army and named for Sir Gordon Drummond, it was occupied by the Americans for two weeks in July 1814 during the Battle of Chippawa. It was later re-taken by the British. A wading pond, added in the 1920s and replaced in 1967, is located within the site. The walls of the redoubt can still be seen.
Classification: National Historic Site

Province or Territory: Ontario

Location - City name/Town name: Queenston

Link to Parks Canada entry (must be on [Web Link]

Link to [Web Link]

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