Columbus (Maryhill), Washington
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Hikenutty
N 45° 40.896 W 120° 49.733
10T E 669075 N 5060964
Quick Description: Columbus, Washington was a small ranching community on the Columbia River, run out by the railroad and a developer's plan for a Quaker Community.
Location: Washington, United States
Date Posted: 9/5/2006 7:48:10 PM
Waymark Code: WMPNV
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member subsystem
Views: 55

Long Description:

The small town of Columbus had existed here since the early 1860s. There had been several ranches. The Klickitat Hills to the north were barren and about 1,500 to 2,000 feet high. Celilo Rapids was just downstream. This town was founded by Amos Stark, who staked a claim here in 1852. He went off to the gold fields of California for awhile and returned in 1859 with livestock and supplies. He built a log cabin about 2 miles east of the present Maryhill Museum.

By then other homesteaders were arriving. They earned a living by hauling cordwood from further north and selling it to steamboats. The town was platted and named Columbus and recorded in 1878. In 25 years there were about 100 people. In 1868 the ferry was running between Columbus and Grant, Oregon. Then the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company built its line on the Oregon side in 1883, which made a transcontinental link from Portland to the Union Pacific. This provided an outlet for fruit and produce for Columbus and Goldendale farmers. A crude wagon road linked the two towns in 1873. Another ferry, a barge pulled by the tug, Waterwitch, began in 1905.

Sam Hill, a Quaker from Minnesota dreamed of a utopian town in the northwest. He began building the town of Maryhill in 1907. He chose the Columbus area because of the advantage of the railroad, successful apple orchards on the Oregon side, and good grain and stock raising at Goldendale. He bought the Gillenwater ranch of 240 acres for $11,000 to get his start. This is near where the museum now stands. He called it Maryland Ranch. The Spokane, Portland, & Seattle Railway on the north bank was completed in 1909, by which time, Sam's plans were well underway.

Sam's first project was a water power plant at Lyle, where the Klickitat reaches the Columbia. He organized the Klickitat Power and Electric Company, but nothing came of it. In 1908 he formed the Columbia Land Company and began acquiring land, eventually 17 farms and ranches. He ended up with about 7,000 acres, but most of it was in the barren hills since the river side farmers refused to sell. He began building dams for irrigation in 1909. When the SPS railroad came in 1909, half the houses had to move north. There were then three stores, two churches, a school, a post office, railroad depot, small railway hospital, and two saloons.

That year Sam began to advertise for Quaker settlers. No Quakers came so he began to campaign for anyone to come -- by then the town was called Maryhill. He also began to put in service roads. The north-south oriented streets were named for fruit trees and plants. East-west oriented streets were named for shade trees, except one to honor his friend Ambassador Jusserand. J and Peach streets were the only ones paved. There was also a weather station, stable, blacksmith shop, garage, housing for road crews, and the Maryhill Land Company. In 1910, Sam finished a house for his daughter and her nurse. In 1913 he built Loops Road, the fist paved road in the state. The 3.6 mile long road winds through the Klickitat Hills just north of the little town of Maryhill and is still in excellent condition.

At first the grapes, apples, and peaches did well. And a few came to live here but it never became Sam's dream town. In 1913, the post office was closed. He still kept building on his home, but stopped in 1917 when he rain out of money and WWI interfered. The ferry service operated until the fall of 1962 when the Sam Hill Memorial Bridge was built at Biggs. The house wasn't finished until after his death.

All that is left are Sam Hills Mansion, the Maryhill Community Church, and the Columbus Cemetary. The waymark is taken at the church, as this was considered the "downtown" area. The area is still farmed, now with both orchards, and vineyards, but the addresses read Goldendale.

Information was gathered from both, and

Reason for Abandonment: Economic

Date Abandoned: 01/01/1918

Related Web Page: Not listed

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