Medical Pioneers of Minnesota
Posted by: S5280ft
N 43° 57.384 W 092° 17.105
15T E 557359 N 4867278
Quick Description: I found this marker at the westbound I-90 rest area west of Rochester.
Location: Minnesota, United States
Date Posted: 8/16/2006 6:39:06 PM
Waymark Code: WMMC0
Minnesota’s doctors and the institutions they built have played a distinguished role in the medical revolution of the past 150 years. Both the Mayo Clinic and the University of Minnesota Medical School have pioneered treatment techniques that have brought patients and students from around the world to their doors.
Dr. William W. Mayo and his two sons, William J. (Dr. Will) and Charles H. (Dr. Charlie) Mayo, working at St. Mary’s Hospital in Rochester, achieved notable success in the new field of surgery during the 1890s. As the sons’ skills grew, their practice expanded, until by 1904 the two doctors were operating on over 5,000 patients each year. New laboratories, improved medial record keeping, advanced training for physicians in many specialties, and quality medial diagnoses and care in well-equipped modern hospitals followed, bringing the Mayo Clinic a worldwide an still growing reputation.
Benefiting from cooperation and competition with the Clinic, the University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis earned its own national reputation. Dr. Charles N. Hewitt, of Red Wing, who led early efforts by means of vaccination and sanitation regulations was a regular public health lecturer at the university. In the 1930s, Dr. Owen H. Wangensteen revolutionized abdominal surgery with the invention of gastric suction procedures. The medical school also pioneered in open heart surgery, introducing the heart pacemaker and artificial heart valves. In recent years, it has played a major role in organ transplantation. These and other contributions have given rise to a concentration of fine hospitals and clinics and a sophisticated electronics industry producing pacemakers, valves and other devices to heal the sick and prolong life.
Erected by the Minnesota Historical Society 1993
Marker Type:: Roadside
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