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The first commercial discovery oil well in the Permian Basin - Mitchell County, TX
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 32° 20.582 W 101° 03.757
14S E 305885 N 3580329
Quick Description: Pump across the field
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 8/26/2014 6:23:19 AM
Waymark Code: WMMBD4
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Zork V
Views: 1

Long Description:

County of first: Mitchell County
Location of first: I-20 westbound rest area, west. of Colorado City
Marker erected by: Texas Historical Commission
Date marker erected: 1967; re-installed 1996

Marker text:

T&P No. 1 - W.H. Abrams No. 1
DISCOVERY WELL OF THE PERMIAN BASIN
(8.4 miles north)
The first commercial discovery oil well in the Permian Basin was named for W.H. Abrams, leasing agent for the Texas and Pacific land trust. The well first produced oil in February 1920 at a depth of 450 feet; but in June 1920, a better showing of oil was found at 2345-2410 feet. On July 16, 1920, the well was "shot" with nitroglycerin. As a crowd of 2,000 people looked on, a great eruption of oil, gas, water, and smoke shot from the mouth of the well almost to the top of the derrick. Shortly after, the well flowed at a rate of 129 barrels daily, but soon settled down to 20 barrels per day. From this well and a well nearby the Rio Grande Oil Company laid the first commercial oil pipeline in the Permian Basin. The first load of oil went through the pipeline on April 3, 1922.

W.H. Abrams No. 1 was redesignated on May 1, 1968 as Westbrook southeast unit No. 701, formed to increase oil recovery from the Westbrook oil field by water flooding. This enhanced oil recovery technique has produced 67 million barrels of the more than 100 million barrels of oil recovered from this field.

Designated as major fields, only a small number produce 100 million barrels of oil or more. Fifty-six major fields are located in the Permian Basin, the fourth largest oil producing area in the U.S.
(1967, 1996)

FIRST - Classification Variable: Item or Event

Date of FIRST: 2/1/1920

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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