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Arènes d'Arles - Arles, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member razalas
N 43° 40.704 E 004° 37.841
31T E 631443 N 4837446
Quick Description: The Arles Amphitheatre (French: Arènes d'Arles) is a Roman amphitheatre in the southern French town of Arles. This two-tiered Roman amphitheatre is probably the most prominent tourist attraction in the city of Arles, which thrived in Roman times.
Location: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Date Posted: 12/16/2013 9:04:53 AM
Waymark Code: WMJQ29
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
Views: 18

Long Description:
"The Arles Amphitheatre (French: Arènes d'Arles) is a Roman amphitheatre in the southern French town of Arles. This two-tiered Roman amphitheatre is probably the most prominent tourist attraction in the city of Arles, which thrived in Roman times. The pronounced towers jutting out from the top are medieval add-ons.
Built in 90 AD, the amphitheatre was capable of seating over 20,000 spectators, and was built to provide entertainment in the form of chariot races and bloody hand-to-hand battles. Today, it draws large crowds for bullfighting during the Feria d'Arles as well as plays and concerts in summer.

The building measures 136 m (446 ft) in length and 109 m (358 ft) wide, and features 120 arches. It has an oval arena surrounded by terraces, arcades on two levels (60 in all), bleachers, a system of galleries, drainage system in many corridors of access and staircases for a quick exit from the crowd. It was obviously inspired by the Colosseum in Rome (in 72-80), being built slightly later (in 90). The amphitheatre was not expected to receive 25,000 spectators, the architect was therefore forced to reduce the size and replace the dual system of galleries outside the Colosseum by a single annular gallery. This difference is explained by the conformation of the land. This "temple" of the games housed gladiators and hunting scenes for more than four centuries.

With the fall of the Empire in the 5th century, the amphitheatre became a shelter for the population and was transformed into a fortress with four towers (the southern tower is not restored). The structure encircled more than 200 houses, becoming a real town, with its public square built in the centre of the arena and two chapels, one in the centre of the building, and another one at the base of the west tower.
This new residential role continued until the late 18th century, and in 1825 through the initiative of the writer Prosper Mérimée, the change to national historical monument began. In 1826, expropriation began of the houses built within the building, which ended by 1830 when the first event was organized in the arena - a race of the bulls to celebrate the taking of Algiers."
From: (visit link)
Localisation (from Merimee DB): Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Adresse (from Merimee DB): Bouches-du-Rhône ; Arles

Dénomination (from Merimee DB): site archéologique ; amphithéâtre ; arène

Eléments protégés MH (from Merimee DB):
L'amphithéatre ou arènes


Epoque de construction (from Merimee DB): 1er siècle

Date de protection MH (preferred) or Date versement (Merimee DB): 1/1/1840

Relevant Website: [Web Link]

Photo with MH logo pictured included?: no

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[FR] Ecrivez au moins une phrase complète qui décrira votre expérience lors de la visite et téléchargez une photo du site prise par vous.

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