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Eglise Saint-Trophime - Arles, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member razalas
N 43° 40.598 E 004° 37.668
31T E 631214 N 4837245
Quick Description: The Church of St. Trophime is a Roman Catholic church and former cathedral in the city of Arles.
Location: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Date Posted: 9/17/2013 8:27:57 AM
Waymark Code: WMJ3FM
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Biquidou
Views: 14

Long Description:
"The Church of St. Trophime (Trophimus) is a Roman Catholic church and former cathedral built between the 12th century and the 15th century in the city of Arles, in the Bouches-du-Rhône Department of southern France. The church is an important example of Romanesque architecture, and the sculptures over the portal, particularly the Last Judgement, and the columns in the adjacent cloister, are considered some of the finest examples of Romanesque sculpture.
The church was built upon the site of the 5th century basilica of Arles, named for St. Stephen. In the 15th century a Gothic choir was added to the Romanesque nave.

Timeline
250 According to legend, Trophimus of Arles becomes the first bishop of Arles.
597 (November 17). Augustine of Canterbury returns to Arles after converting the King, Queen and principal members of the court of England to Christianity, and is consecrated as bishop of the Church of England by Virgilius of Arles, vicar of the Holy See in Gaul.
1152 : (September 29). Raimon de Montredon organizes the transfer of the relics of St. Trophime from the basilica of St. Stephen in Alyscamps to the new cathedral of St. Trophime.
1178 : (July 30). The Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Frederick Barbarossa, is crowned at St. Trophime Cathedral by the archbishop of Arles.
1365 : (June 4). Following the precedent of Frederick Barbarossa, Emperor Charles IV is crowned king of Arles (Arelat) at St. Trophime Cathedral.
1445 to 1465 The Romanesque abside of the church is replaced by a Gothic choir.
1801 : When the Bishopric moved to Aix-en-Provence, St. Trophime was reclassified as a simple parish church.
1882 : Raised to the level of a minor basilica by Pope Leo XIII.
1981 : Classified a UNESCO world heritage site, as part of the Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments group.

The Church
At the time the Cathedral was built, in the late 11th century or early 12th century, Arles was the second-largest city in Provence, with a population of between 15,000 and 20,000 people. It had a busy port on the Rhone River, and two new cities, on either side of the old Roman town, surrounded by a wall. It was at least formally independent as the Kingdom of Arles, and it had attracted many religious orders, including the Knights Hospitalier, the Knights Templar and mendicant orders, which had built a number of churches within the town.[3]
The apse and the transept were probably built first, in the late 11th century, and the nave and bell tower were completed in the second quarter of the 12th century.:[4] The Romaneque church had a long central nave 20 meters high; lower collateral aisles on either side; a transept supporting the square central bell tower; and a chevet behind the altar at the east end with a hemispherical vault. The windows are small and high up on the nave, above the level of the collateral aisles."

From: (visit link)
Localisation (from Merimee DB): Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur ; Bouches-du-Rhône ; Arles

Dénomination (from Merimee DB): église

Eléments protégés MH (from Merimee DB):
L'église : classement par liste de 1840 - Le cloître : classement par liste de 1846 - Les bâtiments claustraux entourant le cloître : classement par arrêté du 4 mai 1943


Epoque de construction (from Merimee DB): 12e siècle ; 14e siècle ; 15e siècle

Date de protection MH (preferred) or Date versement (Merimee DB): 1/1/1840

Relevant Website: [Web Link]

Photo with MH logo pictured included?: no

Adresse (from Merimee DB): Not listed

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