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North Carolina State Capitol - Raleigh, NC
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member showbizkid
N 35° 46.821 W 078° 38.326
17S E 713420 N 3962158
Quick Description: North Carolina's State Capitol rises majestically on Union Square in downtown Raleigh, a city specifically created in 1792 to serve as North Carolina's permanent capital. Built between 1833 and 1840, the granite building is one of the finest and best preserved examples of civic Greek Revival architecture in the United States.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 7/8/2006 4:35:15 AM
Waymark Code: WMGPK
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member SCOTUS
Views: 81

Long Description:

The Capitol is the second such building on Union Square. A simple, two-story brick State House was built on Union Square between 1792 and 1796. That building was enlarged in the early 1820s to include a third floor, eastern and western wings, and a domed rotunda.

The State House burned in 1831 when workmen attempted to fireproof the roof by pouring melted zinc onto the shingles. The process of melting zinc took longer than expected, so the workmen went on a breakfast break. Their unattended smelting pot overturned, and the roof was engulfed in flames. Only a few furnishings were saved.

The exterior walls of the current State Capitol are granite stones weighing as much as ten tons each. The stone came from a quarry a little more than one mile southeast of Union Square. It was brought by the Experimental Railroad, a wooden cart drawn by horses, mules, and oxen on a railroad track.

There is very little mortar holding the stones together, and only ropes and muscle power of people and draft animals were used to put the stones in place.

The building was designed in a cruciform plan, cross-shaped with a domed rotunda at the center connecting four wings. The building has 3 floors and an attic, but no basement. Until 1988, all of state government was housed in this building or on Union Square. The executive branch was on first floor, the legislative branch on second floor, and the judicial branch and state library on the third floor.

The governor and lieutenant governor and their immediate staff still maintain offices on the first floor. The building is open to visitors.

To record your own visit to this waymark, post your own photo of the waymark along with some brief comments. Logs without photos will be archived. Thanks.

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Type of Capitol: State, Province, Canton, or Other Primary Division of a Nation

Address:
One East Edenton Street
Raleigh, NC USA
27601


Dates of Construction: 3/1/1840

Hours: 8 am to 5 pm

Capitol Web Site: [Web Link]

Historical Monuments/Memorials:
Numerous - including three Civil War monuments; a monument to the three Presidents born in North Carolina; monuments to significant figures in North Carolina history, veterans monuments, etc.


Major Renovations: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post one photo of the capitol that includes either a GPSr and/or the waymarker along with the capitol in the picture.

Please also tell us about your visit.
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