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St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 55° 45.138 E 037° 37.390
37U E 413584 N 6179370
Quick Description: Commonly known at St. Basil's, this most recognizable orthodox church has the official name "Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat" or Pokrovsky Cathedral. It is now a World Heritage Site.
Location: Russia
Date Posted: 9/8/2012 7:53:30 PM
Waymark Code: WMF880
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 20

Long Description:
Located in Moscow's Red Square...this church has become the icon representing Russia just as the Eiffel Tower represent France and the Statue of Liberty is instantly connected to the USA. The Cathedral is considered one of the great buildings of the world and it's architectural style had no precedent. Construction began in 1555...and it is considered to be the gepgraphic center of Moscow.
Wikipedia (visit link) further informs us that the church was erected "... in 1555–61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible. It commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.

St. Basil's marks the geometric center of Moscow. It has been the hub of the city's growth since the 14th century[5][6] and was the city's tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.[7]

The original building, known as "Trinity Church" and later "Trinity Cathedral", contained eight side churches arranged around the ninth, central church of Intercession; the tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily (Basil). In the 16th and 17th centuries the church, perceived as the earthly symbol of the Heavenly City, as happens to all churches in Byzantine Christianity, was popularly known as the "Jerusalem" and served as an allegory of the Jerusalem Temple in the annual Palm Sunday parade attended by the Patriarch of Moscow and the tsar.

The building is shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, a design that has no analogues in Russian architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, in his book Russian Architecture and the West, states that "it is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century ... a strangeness that astonishes by its unexpectedness, complexity and dazzling interleaving of the manifold details of its design." The cathedral foreshadowed the climax of Russian national architecture in the 17th century.

As part of the program of state atheism, the church was confiscated from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union's anti-theist campaigns and has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum since 1928. It was completely and forcefully secularized in 1929 and, as of 2011, remains a federal property of the Russian Federation. The church has been part of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990. It is often mislabelled as the Kremlin owing to its location on Red Square in immediate proximity of the Kremlin."

See the State Historical Museum's website (in Russian) for the church at (visit link)
Type of Orthodox Church: Eastern

Type of Building: Church

Status of Building: Building converted to another use

Date of organization: 1/1/1555

Date of building construction: 1/1/1561

Associated Icons, Reliefs, art, etc.: the icon of miraclemaker Nicholas

Address:
Red Square
Moscow, Russia


Relevant Website: [Web Link]

Diocese: Not listed

Archdiocese: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
To log a visit to this waymark, you must post at least one original photo (from a different angle than the original waymark) of the site, give the date and a brief description of your visit, including your impressions of the architectural details that make your waymark submission special.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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pmaupin visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 5/16/2018 pmaupin visited it
Eagle1977 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 9/7/2017 Eagle1977 visited it
GAB777 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 5/13/2017 GAB777 visited it
CADS11 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 10/5/2016 CADS11 visited it
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Lucky_Al visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 12/21/2014 Lucky_Al visited it
tatie visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 6/17/2014 tatie visited it
surmaka visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 8/16/2013 surmaka visited it
JeanPierre12 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 4/26/2013 JeanPierre12 visited it
Minigibboni visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 11/14/2012 Minigibboni visited it
Metro2 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 9/8/2012 Metro2 visited it
Casper&Aero visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 7/13/2012 Casper&Aero visited it
EL_N_LE visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 9/17/2009 EL_N_LE visited it
almadies29 visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 8/8/2009 almadies29 visited it
cache-amount visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 6/18/2007 cache-amount visited it
Maarit & Risto visited St. Basil's Cathedral  -  Moscow, Russia 5/14/2005 Maarit & Risto visited it

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