Accès de Métro Abbesses - Paris, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member denben
N 48° 53.064 E 002° 20.321
31U E 451517 N 5414816
Quick Description: Abbesses is a station on Paris Métro Line 12, in the Montmartre district. The station's entrance, designed by Hector Guimard (1867–1942), is one of only three original Guimard entrances left in Paris.
Location: Île-de-France, France
Date Posted: 5/28/2012 10:53:57 AM
Waymark Code: WMEGN0
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
Views: 10

Long Description:
The station was named after the abbesses of the nearby Dames-de Montmartre abbey and it is one of the deepest stations in Paris at nearly 36 meters. The art nouveau entrance is one of the most photographed of Paris métro stations and attracts an ebb and flow of people.

"Constructed like the Crystal Palace out of interchangeable, prefabricated cast iron and glass parts, Guimard created his métro system in opposition to the ruling taste of French classical culture...Guimard's system flourished, emerging overnight like the manifestation of some organic force, its sinuous green cast-iron tentacles erupting from the subterranean labyrinth to support a variety of barriers, pergolas, maps, hooded light fittings and glazed canopies. These surrealistic 'dragonfly's wings'—to quote a contemporary critic—received a mixed, not to say chauvinistic, press, the verdigris color of their iron supports being regarded as German rather than French. This imaginative attempt to render the Orphic myth in modern terms was to be complemented later by the astringent technical forms of the elevated section of the métro, built to the designs of the architect Jean Camille-Formigé and the engineer Louis Biette." (visit link)

Français

Abbesses est une station du métro de Paris sur la ligne 12 à Montmartre. La station est ouverte depuis le 31 octobre 1912.

L'édicule qui orne l'accès de la station Abbesses est un des trois édicules Guimard couverts visibles à Paris avec celui de la Porte Dauphine et celui de la place Sainte-Opportune. Il s'agit d'un édicule ouvert, surmonté d'un auvent constitué d'une marquise et d'une toiture à double pente.

Les cuirasses en fonte de fer qui remplissent la balaustrade présentent un motif végétal typiquement Art nouveau. On remarque, en partie basse, la reproduction d'un M stylisé qui restera, sous une forme de plus en plus simplifiée, la marque du métro.

Sources: (visit link) and (visit link)
Style: Art Nouveau

Structure Type: Other

Architect: Hector Guimard

Date Built: 1912

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