Eighty-Fifth Illinois Infantry Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.793 W 085° 13.210
16S E 662560 N 3866713
Quick Description: “The opening of the battle”, one of four markers located on Reeds Bridge Rd just east of the north east entrance to the park. Marks unit's position from 9/18/1863 at 6:00 p.m. to 9/19/1863 at 7:00 a.m.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/12/2012 1:29:21 PM
Waymark Code: WMEDMB
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to the 85th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 85th Illinois Infantry was organized at Peoria, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on August 27, 1862. It marks their location on Friday September 18, 1863 at 6:00 p.m. until Saturday, September 19, 1863 at 7:00 a.m. The commander of the 85th Illinois was Colonel Caleb J. Dilworth.



Text on the front of the marker:
Illinois
85th Infantry
D. McCook’s Brigade
6 P.M. 18th to 7 A.M. of September 1863.
“The opening of the battle.”



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-704(see note)
  LCS ID: 008974




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

2'6" x 1'2" x 2'6" high rectangular slab of dark Quincy granite. Rock-faced sides; polished & inscribed front. "Illinois" is in large raised letters on beveled top. Marks unit's position from 9/18/1863 at 6:00 p.m. to 9/19/1863 at 9:00 a.m.
Note: marker says 7 am rather than 9:00 am.

Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 85th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Note
This marker is not on the map. -- Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Website pertaining to the memorial: [Web Link]

List if there are any visiting hours:
Sunrsie to sunset


Entrance fees (if it applies): 0.00

Type of memorial: Monument

Visit Instructions:
*(1.)* Please submit a photo(s) taken by you of your visit to the location (non-copyrighted photos only). GPS photos are also accepted with the location in the background, and old vacation photos are accepted. If you are not able to provide a photo, then please describe your visit or give a story about the visit.
*(2.)* If you have additional information about the memorial which is not listed in the waymark description, please notify the waymark owner to have it added, and please post the information in your visit log.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Eighty-Fifth Illinois Infantry Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield 4/6/2011 Lat34North visited it