12-Pounder Bronze Field Howitzers, Model of 1841, No. 33 - Gettysburg, PA
N 39° 47.945 W 077° 15.362
18S E 306853 N 4407892
Quick Description: There are two 12-pounder field howitzers which flank the Carlton's Troup Artillery Marker. This waymark is for the one to the right of the tablet. The tablet and cannons are located near the Confederate Avenue Observation Tower.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 5/2/2012 7:34:46 PM
Waymark Code: WMEBJ0
There are hundreds of cannons at Gettysburg, many of them flanking monuments and markers. Such is the case with this artillery piece. The canon and tablet are located on West Confederate Avenue, on the right or west side of traveling west. To the rear or north of this position is the Confederate Avenue Observation Tower. Parking is just 95 feet away at the observation tower lot. Parking can also be had at the side of the road at small, intermittently placed cutouts. Please do not park on the grass, park on the side of the road. I cannot emphasize that enough! You will be ticketed. I visited this monument on Saturday, March 10, 2012 at 4:03 PM, just before the clocks were set ahead for the Spring. I was at a 573 foot ASL elevation.
The gun faces due east. The firing tube is no longer shiny but green as the bronze has long since oxidized. The carriage, wheels and other tube carrying mechanisms all look well tended to and in good shape sporting what appears to be fresh paint. My usual SOURCE for cannon documentation provided me with the following line of information (the same information I had trouble reading on the outer muzzle face) about this specific cannon:
Ames - Reg# 33 - INSP JWR - YR 46 - WT 787
Ames refers to the N.P. Ames, J.T. Ames or Ames Manufacturing Co., MA. Reg #33 is simply the registration number and the foundry's way of documenting and identifying each individual gun produced by their company. I was able to see this number on the outer muzzle. INSP JWR refers to James Wolfe Ripley (December 10, 1794 – March 16, 1870), the military officer responsible for inspecting the final product to make sure it meets all standards. was an American soldier, serving as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the Civil War. He was instrumental in the early days of the war in modernizing the artillery's ordnance. However, Ripley also delayed the introduction of repeating rifles into U.S. arsenals, an act has been widely criticized by later historians. YR 46 is the year the cannon tube was cast. WT 787 refers to the weight of the cannon or bronze tube which fired projectiles. Each individual cannon had its own specific weight, like a fingerprint. More information about the specifics of this weapon can be found HERE.
The nearby tablet describes the actions of Carlton's Battery for the three days at Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863.
Army of Northern Virginia
Longstreet's Corps McLaws's Division
Cabell's Battalion Carlton's Battery
The Troup Artillery
Second Section Two 12 pounder Howitzers
July 2 This section took position here at 4 p.m. and was actively engaged until near dark.
July 3 In position near main artillery line but under cover of hill in front of Spangler's Woods. After repulse of Longstreet's assault advanced 300 yards and aided in checking pursuit. Retired from the front after dark.
July 4 In position here all day and withdrew from the field after night. Their ammunition was nearly exhausted.
Losses of both section killed 1, wounded 6
Horses of both sections killed or disabled 17.