4th Indiana Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.679 W 085° 14.794
16S E 660152 N 3866460
Quick Description: The Marker to the 4th Indiana Battery is in a clearing north of Winfrey’s Field on Brotherton Rd, Chickamauga National Battlefield (see directions @ end). It marks their location on Saturday, September 19, 1863 at 11:30 A.M.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/1/2012 1:27:21 PM
Waymark Code: WMEBAD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member LSUMonica
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to 4th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 4th Indiana Battery was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana and mustered in to Federal service on September 30, 1861. This is one of three markers to the 4th Indiana Battery on the battlefield. It marks their location on Saturday, September 19, 1863 at 11:30 A.M.


Text on the front of the monument:


Indiana
Fourth Battery. (Flansburg)
Second Brigade. (Starkweather)
First Division (Baird)
Fourteenth Corps. (Thomas)
Saturday, September 19, 1863, 11:30 A.M.



A nearby plaque provides more details of the activities of the 4th Battery during the battle.


4th Indiana Battery (USA) Plaque


Text:
Fourth Battery Indiana Light Artillery.
2 Napoleons, 2 12 PDR. Howitzers, 2 James Rifles.
Starkweather’s Brigade, Baird’s Division, Thomas’ Corps.
September 19, 1863
1st Lieut. David Flansburg, Commandinmg (Wounded and Captured).
2D Lieut. Henry J. Willits.
2D Lieut. Willis H. Pettit.

On the evening of the 18th the battery with its brigade left the vicinity of Owins’ Ford on the Chickamauga after an all night's March via Crawfish Spring and Widow Glenn’s arrived at Kelley's cross-roads about daybreak and took position in line of battle with the reserve of the division. At 10 A.M. moved with brigade first to the sport of the 1st and 3rd brigades; thence to the left to relieve Col. Croxton, commanding 2D brigade, 3D division, who was out of ammunition. Upon relieving Croxton the brigade and battery were almost immediately struck in front and flank by the advance of Govan’s brigade and five guns of the battery were captured which were almost immediately retaken by the advance of Croxton’s brigade. The loss of men, horses and harnesses prevented Lieut. Willits from sustaining his position.

He consequently moved to the rear, but soon reentered the field with four guns and by order retired at dark. Casualties: Lieut. Flansburg wounded and captured; 1 man killed and 9 men and wounded.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-733(see note)
  LCS ID: 008768




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

This standard Indiana marker consists of a 4' x 4' x 4'8" high rock-faced oolitic stone block with a peaked top and a 12" x 18" bronze plaque affixed to its front. Marks battery's position north of Reed and Winfrey fields.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - 4th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery
3. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
4. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle

Directions: I parked at the Winfrey Field on Brotherton Rd. There are several monuments along the north side of Winfrey Field. Take the path along the western edge of the field to the 33rd Ohio Infantry Regiment Marker. There is a second trail along the northern edge of the field, follow this path to the 93rd Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument. Just west of this monument, there is a trail leading in to the wooded area north of the Winfrey Field. Follow this path until it intersects another path at the Twenty-Fourth Illinois Infantry Marker.
Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Date Installed or Dedicated: 1/1/1898

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

To log a visit, a waymarker must visit the monument or memorial in person and post a photo. Personal observations and comments will be appreciated.

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 4th Indiana Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield 6/15/2011 Lat34North visited it