Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument ~ Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.046 W 085° 16.128
16S E 658141 N 3865254
Quick Description: The Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument is located on the north side of Dyer Rd next to the Dyer House (the house is no longer there) in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/5/2012 3:44:05 PM
Waymark Code: WME5AQ
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 1

Long Description:
This Shell Monument indicates the position of the headquarters of the Lieutenant General James Longstreet on the afternoon of Sunday, September 20, 1863, during the during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

The following is form Wikipedia:
"James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse." He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, but also with Gen. Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. Biographer and historian Jeffry D. Wert wrote that 'Longstreet ... was the finest corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia; in fact, he was arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side.' "
Wikipedia - James Longstreet



Shell Monument


Text:
Headquarters
Left Wing
Lieut, Gen. James Longstreet
Sept. 20, 1863, Afternoon






From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-450
  LCS ID: 003260




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.
 

Long Significance Description:

Monument marks the site of General James Longstreet's Headquarters commanding the Left Wing of the Condererate Army on the afternoon of September 20, 1863.

Short Physical Description

6'2" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.



Long Physical Description

The pyramid's square base is 7 shells wide and 7 shells deep. It is 7 layers tall.

The monument is located within the Chickamauga Battlefield along Dyer Road in North Dyer Field, map site #180.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s) Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Iron
2. 
Superstructure
Concrete
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone
4. 
Substructure
Concrete


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - James Longstreet

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Date Installed or Dedicated: 1/1/1895

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Confederate

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

To log a visit, a waymarker must visit the monument or memorial in person and post a photo. Personal observations and comments will be appreciated.

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument  ~ Chickamauga  National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it