Colin Campbell - London, UK
Posted by: Metro2
N 51° 30.406 W 000° 07.903
30U E 699047 N 5710082
Quick Description: Colin Campbell was Field Marshal of the British Army and fought in several conflicts...the War of 1812, the Crimean War, the First Opium War, the Indian Mutiny, et al.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 3/17/2012 2:58:39 PM
Waymark Code: WME0H2
This 1867 life-sized bronze sculpture of Campbell is located in Waterloo Place in London. Campbell is depicted in military garb and boots and is looking down at the viewer. The artist is Carlo Marochetti.
This website (visit link
) has an additional close-up photo and explains:
"Interestingly, the base of the monument has Clyde's birthdate, 1792, but no year following "died" (Clyde died in 1863). "As commander-in-chief in India he brought the the Indian Mutiny to an end in 1858" '
Below the sculpture of Campbell is another work with a woman (representing Britain) sitting on the back of a lion.
Although Campbell's participation in the War of 1812 was apparently unremarkable in comparison with his other achievements they are referenced in this Encyclopedia Britannica article (visit link
) as well as in the Wikipedia (visit link
) entry for Campbell that informs us that Campbell:
"...(20 October 1792 – 14 August 1863) was a British Army officer from Scotland who led the Highland Brigade in the Crimea and was in command of the ‘Thin red line’ at the battle of Balaclava. He later commanded the relief army in the Indian Mutiny of 1857.
...Campbell served in Nova Scotia with the 7th Battalion, 60th Regiment in the War of 1812. After the peace of 1815, he devoted himself to studying military science. In 1823, he quelled the slave rebellion in Demerara, and two years later bought himself a major's rank. In 1832, he became lieutenant-colonel of the 98th Foot and rendered distinguished service in 1842 during the First Opium War. Campbell next saw action in India, in the Second Anglo-Sikh War of 1848-1849, under Sir Hugh Gough. He was wounded at the battle of Chillianwala. At the decisive victory of Gujrat, his skill and valour contributed largely to the success of the British forces; his "steady coolness and military precision" were highly praised in official despatches. He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1849, and specially named in the thanks of Parliament.
After further service in India, Campbell returned home in 1853. The next year, the Crimean War broke out, and he accepted the command of the Highland Brigade, which formed part of the Duke of Cambridge's division. The brigade and its leader distinguished themselves very greatly at the Battle of Alma; and with his "thin red line of Highlanders" he repulsed the Russian attack on Balaclava. At the close of the war, Sir Colin was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Bath, and elected honorary D.C.L. of Oxford University.
Commander-in-Chief of India
His military ability had been late in being recognised; but his true worth was soon appreciated. In 1857 what started as a mutiny of sepoy soldiers in India spread to a general insurrection in the north of the areas of India controlled by the East India Company. The initial successes of the rebellion led Lord Palmerston to offer him the command of British forces there on July 11, 1857. On being asked when he would be ready to set out, Campbell replied, "Within twenty-four hours." He left England the next evening, and reached Calcutta on August 13. After spending over two months in the capital to organize his resources, he started for the front on October 27, and on November 17 relieved Lucknow for the second time. Campbell, however, considered Lucknow a false position, and once more abandoned it to the rebels, retaking it in March 1858. He continued in charge of the operations in Oudh until the embers of the revolt had died away. For these services he was raised to the peerage in 1858 as Baron Clyde, of Clydesdale in Scotland. After returning to the United Kingdom in the next year, he received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament and a pension of £2000 a year. He was promoted to Field Marshal in 1862."