Schloss Birseck - Arlesheim, BL, Switzerland
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member fi67
N 47° 29.490 E 007° 37.720
32T E 396704 N 5260696
Quick Description: Birseck Castle and the Eremitage in Arlesheim were honored in a semi-postal stamp in 2006.
Location: Basel Landschaft, Switzerland
Date Posted: 2/22/2012 7:41:25 AM
Waymark Code: WMDT9W
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member TheBeanTeam
Views: 6

Long Description:
The stamp is a semi-postal stamp of the 2006 castles series for Pro Patria. It is 100+50, i.e. 1.00 for postage, 0.50 for the Pro Patria foundation for nature and cultural heritage protection.

Burg Birseck is a spur castle built 1243/44 on a hill south-east of Arlesheim. The castle was used as a residence by the Prince-Bishops of Basel for some decades. It was damaged in the great earthquake of 1356 and pledged to Ramstein until 1435. Then it was used by administrators of the bishop and changed and extended several times until the 18th century when the decay began. It was abandoned in 1763 and in 1794 the ruin was sold and used as quarry. The canon of Arlesheim bought the ruin in 1808 and it was restored in neogothic style, so much of the current structure is not authentic.

Eremitage is located at the southern slope of the hill of Birseck Castle. It is Switzerland's largest English landscape park. It was built by Balbina von Andlau-Staal and canon Heinrich von Ligerz and opened in 1785. The park with many romantic features like chapels, fountains, caves and bridges became an early tourist attraction soon and was visited by many famous travelers. After the French revolution it was almost completely destroyed by peasants and looting French troops in 1792 and 1793. The founders returned from their exile in Germany in 1812 and rebuilt the garden to what we know today. In 1999 it was listed as a nature site of national significance.

The stamp is called Burg Birseck and is was part of a castles series, but the castle and the park are two independent complexes, although both owned by the same non-profit foundation. The larger picture on the stamp is the Proserpina Grotto in Eremitage and also the official documentation of the stamp only talks about the park and does not even mention the castle. So the grotto is the waymark location, the view to the castle is about 300 meters further west.
Stamp Issuing Country: Switzerland

Date of Issue: 2006

Denomination: 1 CHF

Color: Green

Stamp Type: Single Stamp

Relevant Web Site: [Web Link]

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